Sardar Vallabhai Patel was born on 31st October 1875 and educated at Nadiad High School and the Middle Temple, London. He began his career as a barrister.
His career in government began with his election to Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation in 1917 as the Sanitation Commissioner. He extended electricity, drainage and sanitation facility to all parts of the city and conducted major educational reforms including fighting for the recognition and payment of teachers. In 1920, Patel was nominated and elected as the President of the newly formed Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee.
Role in India’s independence movement:
Patel was actively involved in the Non-Cooperation, Satyagraha and Quit India movements and was at various points arrested by the British. When Gandhi was imprisoned in 1923, he led and organised the Satyagraha movement in Nagpur.
At the 1931 Karachi session, Sardar Patel was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress. At this session, Congress passed the historic Karachi Resolution.
Contribution to the constitution-making:
In the Constituent Assembly, Patel held key positions including that of the Chairman: Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas and Provincial Constitution Committee. During the Committee Stages and the plenary sessions, he was opposed to including separate electorates.
Patel has authored 'Words of Freedom: Ideas of a Nation', 'Bharat Vibhajan' and 'Musalman Aur Sharnarthi'
The Collected Works of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was published in 1990.
During the framing of India's Constitution, he was the Home and Information and Broadcasting Minister in the Interim Government and played a critical role in negotiating with and integrating the 565 princely states into the Union of India. As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, he organized relief efforts for refugees. He held the post of Minister for States after July 1947 and Minister of Home and States after 1948.
Patel passed away on 15th December 1950.
- Chairman, Advisory Committee;
- Chairman, Provincial Constitution Committee;
- Member, Steering Committee;
- Member, States Committee.
Patel staunchly opposed having separate electorates.