Ramaswamy Mudaliar was born on 14th October, 1887 in Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh. Along with his twin brother, he obtained his under-graduate degree from the Madras Christian College. At College, he read ardently and organised student debates. Later, he went on to obtain a law degree from the Madras Law College. He began practising law in the Madras High Court from 1911. Within a short span of time, he became one of the prominent lawyers in Madras.
His eloquence and popularity as a lawyer provided him with several political opportunities. In 1917 he joined the Justice Party and rose to be one of its notable members. As a member of the Madras Legislative Council, he took a deep interest in reforming education and was instrumental in the passing of key educational laws including Madras Education Act, 1920 and Madras University Act, 1923.
Several international delegations including Joint Parliamentary Committee on Constitutional Reforms for India, British Commonwealth Relations Conference and Indian Delegation to the Pacific Relations Conference benefitted from Mudaliar’s active involvement.
In 1946, he became the Chief Minister of Mysore State.
Role in India’s independence movement:
Mudaliar led the Justice Party delegation in the Joint Parliamentary Committee on Constitutional Reforms in India. He took an active part in the Round Table Conferences.
Mudaliar's address on food crisis in India.
Contribution to Constitution Making:
Mudaliar was elected to the Assembly from Mysore on a Justice Party ticket. He strongly advocated for a strict federal structure and intervened in a debate pertaining to fiscal federalism.
He edited Justice Party’s Organ “Justice” from 1927 to 1935.
Some of his other works include: Searchlight on Council debates: speeches in the Madras Legislative Council Orient Longman (1960) and Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar (1987), Mirror of the year: a collection of Sir A. Ramaswami Mudaliar's editorials in Justice, 1927.
Post independence, Mudaliar had a prolific career in international relations.
He headed numerous Indian delegations to the UN. In 1946 he was elected the first President of the United Nations’ Economic and Social Council. He also went on to serve as the chair of the executive boards of the WHO and UNESCO.
The government awarded Mudaliar with the Padma Bhushan in the year 1954 and the Padma Vibhusan in 1970.
The AMM Charities Trust,in 1958, set up Sir Ramaswami Mudaliar Higher Secondary School in Ambattur, Tamil Nadu.
He was a member of the Standing Committee of the Chamber of Princes.
In a debate on the centre-state distribution of taxing powers, Mudaliar argued for the centre to be vested with taxing powers on defence matters.