Image Credits: Lok Sabha
Brajeshwar Prasad
1911

Early Life:

Brajeshwar Prasad was born on 22 October 1911, in Patna, Bihar to Shri Rai Brindaban Prasad and Smt Sampurna Rani. He studied law at Patna Law college and later set-up the Civil Liberties Union, Gaya, in 1937. Prasad was also an agriculturist and was the founding member of Khetihar Mazdoor Sangh. His political journey started with him being the founder and vice-president of the Gaya Youth League. He later became the Municipal commissioner for Gaya and acted as the President of Town Congress Committee in 1945.

 

Role in India’s Independence Movement:

He was an eminent freedom fighter and was involved with the Indian National Congress in its movements for freedom in 1941, Quit India Movement in 1942 and other Congress movements till 1944. He was also imprisoned for taking part in the Congress movements. He later became the President of the Town Congress Committee in 1945 and was also a member of the Constituent Assembly from 1946-49.

 

Contribution to Constitution making:

He was elected as a  Constituent Assembly member from Gaya, Bihar, via a Congress party ticket. He spoke on citizenship, the preamble, Centre-State’s relations, and public health.

 

Later Contributions:

Post-independence, he was elected to the Provisional Parliament, from 1950-52, as well as to the first Lok Sabha, from 1952-57 and Second Lok Sabha, from 1957-62. Prasad also had a special interest in foreign affairs and was a staunch exponent of the world state.

He was not part of any of the Assembly Committees.

  1. He suggested that upon a conflict between two states or Centre and State, the decision of Centre should prevail, as against that vesting the power with the Supreme Court. He believed in unitary and federal system of governance, instead of parliamentary form of government. 
  2. He urged that the provinces must not have autonomous powers and should have only concurrent powers.
  3. He proposed to integrate all tribal areas and place it under an autonomous body under the Central Government, instead of respective state governments. 
  4. He proposed the All-India Public Services Commission, instead of State Commissions and that Civil Servants should be for the entire country, so as to prevent misuse of authority by the states.
  5. He opposed the inclusion of the term “sovereign” in the preamble and sought to include more pragmatic ideals.