Image Credits: Lok Sabha
H.V Kamath
1907 - 1982

Early Life:

Hari Vishnu Kamath born in Mangalore in 1907, studied at the Canara High School, Government College, Mangalore, Presidency College, Madras. Thereafter, he went on to obtain degrees from the London School of Economics, University College London, and the School of Oriental Studies.

 

Kamath kicked off his career as a social worker and freelance journalist until he qualified for the Indian Civil Service (ICS) in 1938. During his time as a civil servant, he held several judicial positions including District Magistrate, Additional District Magistrate, 1937—38, Sub-Judge First Class, 1933-34, and the Additional District Judge, 1934-35.

 

Role in India’s Independence Movement:

In 1938, he left his lucrative job with the British Government to participate in the Indian independence movement. He joined the Forward Bloc, a newly-established political party founded by Subhash Chandra Bose. His involvement in the freedom movement led him to be imprisoned twice in the 1940s.

 

Contribution to Constitution Making:

Kamath was elected to the Constituent Assembly from Central Provinces and Berar. He actively participated in the debates and intervened on issues including protection of fundamental rights during an emergency, preamble and welfare of socially and educationally backward classes.

 

Later Contributions:

Post-independence, Kamath had a very active political profile. He was a member of the First Lok Sabha in 1955 and the Third Lok Sabha in 1962. His first election was momentous because he lost by a narrow margin of 174 votes. He moved the Supreme Court to request a fresh election; the Court allowed this, and Kamath won the re-election.

 

During his time as a parliamentarian, he attempted to remove benefits to ministers including free electricity, water and furniture and provide for reservation in the Parliament for members from Pakistan-Occupied-Kashmir.

 

Apart from his parliamentary duties, he was also given international assignments. He represented India in the World Government Conference, London, 1952 and United Nations General Assembly Session, 1977.

 

Kamath passed away in 1982.

 

Key Writings:

His writings include Communist China Colonizes Tibet, Invades India and Principles and Techniques of Administration.

 

 

Member, House Committee.

  1. During debates around the Preamble, Kamath moved an amendment to include ‘In the name of God’ in the Preamble.
  2. When the Assembly was discussing emergency provisions, Kamath moved a set of amendments which strove to protect fundamental rights and individual liberties during an emergency.