Image Credit: Wikipedia
Jai Narain Vyas
1899 - 1963

Early Life:

Jai Narain Vyas was born in the princely state of Jodhpur in 1899.  

 

He started the Marwar Hitkarni Sabha, a group which fought against both English and non-Jodhpuri administrators, and which received the support of the Maharaja of Jodhpur. However, his involvement in other organizations like the Jodhpur Praja Mandal, the Youth League, and the Marwar Lok Parishad, which were not sympathetic to the Maharaja, resulted in his exile from the state.

 

Vyas later returned to his hometown, where he became Chairman of the Jodhpur Municipality in 1941.

 

Role in India’s Independence Movement:

Vyas was an active participant in movements led by the Congress Party. He was imprisoned five times, including for a period of two years from 1942-44 for his involvement in the freedom struggle.

 

Contribution to Constitution Making:

Vyas was elected to the Constituent Assembly from Jodhpur on a Congress party ticket. He intervened in the debates on state autonomy, rights of former rulers of princely states, and the drawing of state boundaries.

 

Later Contributions:

Vyas became the Prime Minister of the princely state of Jodhpur in March 1948, although he resigned from the post in April 1949. He continued to be an active member of the Congress party, and headed the Rajputana Pradesh Congress Committee until 1949.

 

Later, he became the first Chief Minister of the independent state of Rajasthan, a position that he held twice between 1951 and 1954.

 

Vyas passed away on 14th March 1963.

Member, House Committee.

  1. Vyas expressed concern that the Centre would exercise excessive control in the affairs of those states that had not yet formed state legislatures.
  2. He argued in favour of restricting citizenship rights of princes so that they did not unduly interfere in the administration of their erstwhile kingdoms.
  3. On the matter of state boundaries, he argued against the incorporation of Sirohi into the territory of Bombay rather than Rajasthan