Image Credits: Lok Sabha
Kamala Chaudhri
1908

Early Life: 

Kamala Chaudhri was born on 22 February 1908 in Lucknow. She completed the Ratna and Prabhakar examinations in Hindi literature despite objections from her family. Chaudhri wrote short stories that skilfully portrayed the severe mental trauma faced by women due to constant oppression by the society. She wrote poems, feminist stories, fictions on women and books about India’s emergence as a modern nation.

Chaudhri was an active member of the Indian National Congress. She was an Elected Member of the Provincial Congress Committee and the Provincial Mahila Congress Committee.

Kamla Chaudhri actively worked towards educating girls in villages and backward areas. She encouraged the Khadi and Village industries so it would help girls make a living. 

 

Role in India’s Independence Movement:

Chaudhri was born into a wealthy family that was loyal to the British. She did however, join the Civil Disobedience Movement (1930) and was arrested on several occasions.

 

Contribution to Constitution Making: 

She was elected to the Constituent Assembly from the United Provinces (current Uttar Pradesh) in 1946.

 

Later Contributions:

She was a Member of the Provisional Parliament (1947 to 1952) and acted as the Senior Vice-Chairman of the 54th Indian National Congress Committee session.

She contested Elections from the Hapur District in Uttar Pradesh in 1962 and won a seat in the Lok Sabha.

 

Key Writings:

She has written several books and short stories, few of which were ‘Ankhe Khuli’, ‘Suriya’, ‘Swapna’, ‘Sadhana Ka Unmaad’, ‘Unmaad’ (1934), ‘Picnic’ (1936), and ‘Yatra’ (1947).

Chaudhri was not a member of any Assembly Committee.