Kamalapati Tripathi
1905 - 1990

Early Life:

Kamalapati Tripathi was born on 3rd September, 1905. He holds a title of Shastri and a degree of D Litt from Kashi Vidyapeeth in Varanasi. He started his career as a journalist in the Hindi newspaper “Aaj”. He was a senior Indian National Congress Leader in Varanasi Constituency. He was also the chairman of Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in the year 1947-48.

Role in India’s Independence movement:

Kamalapati Tripathi’s contribution to Indian freedom movement include: participating in the Non-Cooperation movement in the United Province in 1920, participating in the Civil Disobedience movement in the United Province in 1930 and participating in the Quit India movement in 1932. He was arrested and jailed many times for his participation in the national movements.

Contribution to Constitution Making:

Kamalapati Tripathi was elected to the Constituent Assembly from United Province on Congress Party ticket and played an important part in the drafting of the Constitution of India.

He is quite famous for his speech on amendment of the expression "India, that is, Bharat". In his words, it would have been more in accord with the prestige and the traditions of the country, and the Constituent Assembly if this amendment was made. As said by him, “if the words, ‘that is’ were necessary, it would have been more proper to use the words ‘Bharat, that is, India’ or ‘Bharat, as it is known in English language, India’ in the resolution.” However, the amendment was not passed.

Later Contributions:

Kamalapati Tripathi served as the Minister of Information and Irrigation in the year 1952. He served as the Minister of Home, Education and Information Department in the year 1957. He served as the Finance Minister in the year 1962. He became the deputy Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1969. He briefly served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in the year 1971. He was a member of Rajya Sabha from 1973 to 1980 and the member of Lok Sabha from 1980 to 1984. He served as Union Minister for Railways for two times first from 1975 to 1977 and then briefly in 1980.

He presented Railway Budget of India four times: 1975–76, 1976–77, 1980–81 (interim) and 1980–81 (final).

He has a long sustained love with Gandhi which manifested in his three books and many articles on him.


Kamalapati’s notable works include: “Bapu aur Bharat”, “Bapu aur Manawata” (Hindi and English) and “Freedom Movements and Afterward”.

He died on 8th October 1990 in Varanasi. 


(Deepali Verma, Student Contributor from NLU-D, wrote this post.)

On 18th September, 1949, he advocated the nomenclature of country as Bharat, that is, India as opposed to India, that is, Bharat.