Parliament may by law admit into the Union, or establish, new States on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.

Debate Summary

Article 2 (Draft Article 2) empowers the Parliament to make laws to admit or establish states to the Union.


It was debated on 5th November 1948 and 17th November 1948.


One member believed that ‘State’ should be clearly defined in order to ensure uniform interpretation in the Constitution. He argued that the Draft Constitution in its current form uses ‘state’ indiscriminately in myriad forms. However, ‘state’ must be defined to always connote ‘a kind of sovereignty’. He proposed to retain old expressions such as ‘Provinces, Indian States and Chief Commissioners' Provinces’.


A member argued that Draft Articles 2 and 3 overlap and moved a proposal to substitute them with a single Article. He opined that the purpose of Draft Article 2 is achieved in Draft Article 3. And having two separate Articles was redundant. However, his amendment was not accepted.  


The Assembly adopted Draft Article 2 without amendments.