As from the commencement of this Constitution —

 

(a) all property and assets which immediately before such commencement were vested in His Majesty for the purposes of the Government of the Dominion of India and all property and assets which immediately before such commencement were vested in His Majesty for the purposes of the Government of each Governor’s Province shall vest respectively in the Union and the corresponding State, and

 

(b) all rights, liabilities and obligations of the Government of the Dominion of India and of the Government of each Governor’s Province, whether arising out of any contract or otherwise, shall be the rights, liabilities and obligations respectively of the Government of India and the Government of each corresponding State,

 

subject to any adjustment made or to be made by reason of the creation before the commencement of this Constitution of the Dominion of Pakistan or of the Provinces of West Bengal, East Bengal, West Punjab and East Punjab.

Debate Summary

 

Draft Article 270, Draft Constitution of India (1948) 

As from the commencement of this Constitution, the Government of India and the Government of each State for the time being specified in Part I of the First Schedule shall respectively be the successors of the Government of the Dominion of India and of the corresponding Governors' Provinces as regards all property, assets and liabilities subject to any adjustment made or to be made by reason of the creation before the commencement of this Constitution of the Dominion of Pakistan or of the Provinces of West Bengal, East Bengal, West Punjab and East Punjab.

 

Draft Article 270 (Article 294, Constitution of India 1950) was debated on 15 June and 13 October 1949. It stated that once the Constitution comes into effect, the Union government and the State governments would be the successors to the Government of the Dominion of India and the Governor's Provinces respectively, with respect to property, assets and liabilities. 

 

On 13 October, the Drafting Committee Chairman moved an amendment to make certain semantic changes to the Draft Article.

 

The amendment was passed without any discussion and the Draft Article was adopted without any debate on 13 October 1949