Definition of State
Equality
forced labour
Reservation
Constitutional remedies
right to property
minority rights
religious education
freedom of religion
child labour
untouchability
due process
personal liberty
right to life
freedom of speech
right to freedom
abolition of titles
equality of opportunity
Discrimination
preventive detention
double jeopardy
union list
finance commission
fiscal federalism
taxation
residuary power
union of states
kashmir
seventh schedule
state list
emergency
parliamentary executive
supreme court
high court
judiciary
governor
powers of president
legislature
judicial review
public health
gender
international relations
separation of powers
protection of monuments
cow slaughter
social justice
compulsory education
cottage industry
public assistance
local government
panchayat
natural resources
enforceability
proportional representation
separate electorates
election commission
integration of states
universal adult suffrage

Speaker

Naziruddin Ahmad

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6.47.269
I think, Sir, this amendment should be accepted for obvious reasons.
6.47.226
Sir, I beg to move:

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9.143.644
     : This will fit in after the word 'Hindi'.
9.143.103
     This comma seems to be offensive to the eye. The context is "shall have effect accordingly". There is no need for a comma after the word "effect".

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7.61.136
Sir, I move:     "That the motion relating to the insertion of new rule 38-W be deleted."
7.61.51
May I say what I feel about it. With regard to amendment No. 15 which my honourable Friend has kindly intimated his desire to move, I may say that it will not do to proceed without a discussion. The proviso that you will select some amendments without discussion is purposeless and meaningless. There should be discussion. How can you ask the Hou...

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9.132.71
 : Regarding 172 I may say that in para. 5 sub-para. (1) it is stated that the "Governor or Ruler may by public notification direct that any Particular act of Parliament or of the Legislature of the State shall not apply to a scheduled area or any part thereof etc." I submit that I would rather leave amendment 20 for consideration of the Drafti...
9.132.79
Then I move my amendment No. 178 and I may submit that I have made a slight verbal alteration here and there which I shall notify to the office; they are, however, of an immaterial nature. Sir, I move:     "That in amendment No. 20 of List I (Seventh Week), for sub-paragraph (3) of Paragraph 5 of the proposed Fifth Schedule, the following new s...

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11.156.283
    It is practically a drafting amendment; but I submit that the draft that I am suggesting would be better in clause (2) of article 114 as it would be amended by the amendment of the Drafting Committee, the text would be that 'the decision of the person presiding as to amendments being inadmissible under this clause shall be final'. I want to ...
11.156.352
    : It is no longer amazing: it has been a day to day affair.b

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9.127.335
      Mr. President, as I was coming to the rostrum, I heard a remark from my honourable Friend Mr. Mahavir Tyagi that this concerns the lawyers. I should however think that the subject concerns not merely the lawyers, but the entire population of India. In fact, the independence of the High Courts, their judicial integrity are matters of concer...
9.127.352
     : Are Members to be threatened in this manner? Of course it produces no effect on me.

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7.74.276
   But, Sir, this is a matter of great importance.
7.74.332
     So long as it is rejected, it does not matter how it is rejected. (Amendments Nos. 1256 and 1257 were not moved.)

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9.137.47
With regard to the other part of the point of order, namely, that it contravenes clause (2), that is not really a point of order. It is rather an argument an the merits. I do not wish to go into the merits, but I think it is not a point of order. Legally this House has the power to make a law and provide exceptions.
9.137.269
With regard to zamindari property we should know what it means. There was nothing like a zamindar during the period of the Hindu kings. During the Muslim period they were unconsciously created as a matter of administrative necessity. On account of the exigencies of the situation military governors were despatched to distant corners of India to ...

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7.80.48
    Mr. Vice-President, Sir, I am in general agreement with the principles of the Bill, except as to a single point, and that is in regard to a portion of clause 6.
7.80.95
   It is only a formal amendment and therefore, I am not moving it.

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10.152.39
     A further difficulty has been placed by the Drafting Committee on the Members in that they have selected a lady Member to propose all these difficult rules.
10.152.27
     That would be grammatically and legally more accurate.

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10.149.57
I also move:     "That in amendment No. 211 of List VI (Second Week), in the proposed Part IV, in sub,. paragraph (1) of paragraph 11--(i) for the figure '4,000' the figure 5.000' be substituted; and(ii) for the figure '5,000, the figure 4,000' be substituted."
10.149.55
I also move:     "That in amendment No. 211 of List VI (Second Week), in the proposed Part IV, in subparagraph (3) of paragraph 10,- (i) for the words and figures 'thirty-first day of October, 1948' the words 'commencement of this Constitution be substituted; (ii) for the words 'the commencement of this Constitution' the words 'such commencemen...

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9.116.48
Sir, I will omit the word "date", and so my amendment will substitute the words "Every person at the commencement of this Constitution" for the words "At the date of commencement of this Constitution every person who". I shall explain the necessity for this amendment at once. The expression "date of commencement of this Constitution" is not prop...
9.116.58
I have already explained the need. Then I move amendment No. 151.     "That in amendment No. 1 of List I (Third Week) of Amendments to Amendments, in the proposed new article 5-A, for the words 'a person' the words 'any person' be substituted."

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9.125.78
  My first amendment would raise a very important constitutional question namely whether the Ministers, as apart from Members, are required to be sincere or insincere. The House will be pleased to note that there are eight Forms of Declarations. With regard to Ministers of the Union, there are two Forms, I and II. The first relates to oath of of...
9.125.76
 I beg to move :     "That with reference to amendment No. 56 of List I (Fifth Week) of Amendments to Amendments, in the Third Schedule, in Form I of the Declarations, for the words 'all manner of people' the words 'all people' be substituted."

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8.87.115
With regard to another aspect of drafting, I would suggest for the consideration of the Drafting Committee this: In certain places in articles 78, 79, 80, 81 and 82, the word "the" has been treated with considerable amount of affection. It has been used rather very freely. But in other places there is considerable amount of antipathy to the wor...
8.87.284
I wish to draw the attention of the House to certain aspects of article 85. it deals with the privileges and immunities of Members. The first clause says that there shall be freedom of speech in Parliament. The second clause says that publication is also privileged provided it is a publication by or under the authority of either House of Parliam...

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9.129.186
     Sir, one of the elements which ensure freedom in a democratic country is the Press. It is called the Fourth Estate of the Realm, the other three being the Legislature, the Judiciary and the Executive. Any attempt in any way to curtail the liberty of the press should, therefore be carefully considered by us.
9.129.226
   : I shall not move the amendment; but I shall speak on the entry itself.

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7.70.216
:Yes, Sir; because I was called, I had to obey the ruling of the Chair and that is why I came to the mike to move it, but this is verbal.
7.70.76
: Sir, I do not want to move No. 45 because it is open to some objection. I shall move only No. 44.  Sir, I beg to move:     "That in amendment No. 794 of the list of Amendments, in the proposed clause (3) of article 25, the words 'without prejudice to the powers conferred on the Supreme Court by clause (2) of this article' be deleted."

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9.121.16
     I wanted to delete the latter part of this clause but that would have left the drafting in a state of unhappy condition. So I have moved it in this form. In essence there is no difference between the amendment already tabled and the amendment now moved.
9.121.11
      : I have three amendments to move to this clause. Regarding the first amendment I find that if this amendment is accepted, it will lead to some drafting anomaly. So I would ask your permission to move it in another form. I am quite certain that my amendment, whether my amendment is reasonable or not, will never be accepted by the House. I ...

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9.120.70
     : This proposed new article is not on the agenda for today.
9.120.107
    Article 280, as it would read along with my amendment is that during an emergency, the President may order that no person shall have the right to move the Court, that the rights under articles 13 and 16 have been interfered with. I have conceded this right of suspension to this extent, though I fail to see to what extent these could be legit...

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9.122.52
    The other amendment of Dr. Deshmukh requiring fair representation of the different classes is one which deserves acceptance. In fact although distinctions between classes and communities have been done away with, there may be some remnants here and there and the decision of the Commission with regard to fair representation of different class...
9.122.48
    But there is no reason why they should be totally excluded from the purview, of the Public Services Commission. The Commission may be given the choice of selecting backward class candidates from those possessing minimum qualifications to the exclusion of candidates of other classes possessing superior qualifications. In this way we can serve...

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7.65.284
Sometimes, Sir,............
7.65.266
Sir, clause (1) provides--I am reading only the material part--     "No person shall be subjected to a penalty greater than that which might have been inflicted under the law at the time of the commission of the offence."

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10.154.116
 : Mr. President, Sir, a warm controversy hangs round Contempt of Court. I submit that the High Court should have the power to punish for contempt in a summary manner. The reason is that the trial in a case must be conducted in an atmosphere of calm without any prejudice, on the evidence alone. If there is no power to proceed for Contempt of Co...
10.154.215
: The difficulty would be that the Preamble has not yet been accepted by the House.

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7.77.139
 : How could you trace or check invisible assets or secret assets?
7.77.105
   Sir, with regard to the idea behind this amendment, I have nothing to say. I also support the idea. But I do consider that the Judges of the High Court and of the Supreme court should be outside these tests--not that I desire that they should be illiterate or be incapable of expressing themselves in English or in the national language, or tha...

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10.153.198
: At nine o'clock.
10.153.106
: In addition, this article proposes to introduce a new kind of emergency unknown in any system.

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7.78.220
     With these few words, I submit that my amendment should be accepted.(Amendment No. 1405 was not moved.)
7.78.219
      In these circumstances, I submit that sub-clause (c) should be deleted. But I also feel that some appropriate provision recognizing the right of States themselves having no legislatures to determine their own representation may be substituted. In the shortness of time at my disposal I could not submit an alternative proposition but the que...

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7.56.37
With regard to the third amendment, that for the words "the State" the word "State" be substituted, I have to submit that the word 'State' is the proper word in the context. If we define the expression as "the State" it will lead to difficulties in the clauses in which this expression occurs. I should submit that the word "State" should be more ...
7.56.128
I submit, Sir, that by providing that these rights shall not be justiciable, this Article has been sufficiently weakened, and by again putting in the words "shall strive" to promote the welfare of the people, the Article has been still further weakened. I submit, Sir, that if these rights are to be introduced in the Constitution, they should be ...

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11.165.42
    It is not called an Amendment Act at all, it has got a different name.
11.165.35
    No, Sir, I do not wish to move the alternative amendment.

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7.54.38
Coming, Sir, to the various enactments, with which everybody is familiar, namely, the Civil Procedure Code, the Criminal Procedure Code, the Evidence Act and all other Acts, Members will find that these Acts are divided into several parts. The chapter numbers are not individually and separately numbered and although there are several parts, the...
7.54.67
and then again the power to alter name is already given. I submit that these embody the essential features, of clauses 2 and 3. It avoids repetition and it eliminates parts of articles which are redundant, viz., which are necessarily implied. That disposes of the body of the proposed amendment. Then with regard to the present clause 3, . . . .

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7.72.94
This amendment really combines the purpose of amendments Nos. 1081 and 1083. Amendment No. 1081 tabled by Dr. Ambedkar wanted to get rid of the first part of the Explanation. Amendment No. 1083 which stood originally in my name really wanted to effect certain important verbal changes in the latter part of the Explanation and the amendment which...
7.72.95
With regard to the elimination of the first part of the Explanation, which corresponds to Dr. Ambedkar's amendment, I need not say anything. I shall confine myself to that part of the amendment with which I am concerned. In fact the House will be pleased to note that article 44 deals with the election of the President. By article 43 of the memb...

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9.135.54
 I think no purpose will be gained by introducing this imposing expression "security of the State". At this expression everyone will jump up and cry out---"security of State, security of State, security of State". I submit that if the security of India would be seriously affected by giving an officer opportunity to show cause, if the security of...
9.135.42
     Clause (2) of this article says that no officer shall be removed or reduced or dismissed until an opportunity has been given to him to show cause against any proposed order. Then comes the proviso. The proviso, I submit, takes away literally all the safeguards which are purported to have been given in the body of clause (2). The first provi...

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8.88.49
In Bengal-I speak with personal knowledge-there is widespread antipathy against the Congress Government. Allegations of a very serious type are levelled against the Ministry. I believe the country should be saved from chaos and disorder towards which we are heading. We want to strengthen the hands of Government; we do not want to join the force...
8.88.47
I therefore reiterate that if you want to exist as a Government, respected and loved by the people, you should, for your very existence, create an opposition. Now there is a feeling in the country that the party in power is all too powerful. In fact, there is a feeling even amongst the Members of that Party that the party is all-too powerful an...

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9.126.12
I submit that in regard to these items which are entire re-drafts we may postpone consideration. We have not been able to carefully consider them. I support the suggestion of Sardar Hukam Singh that though there are no amendments submitted to some of the items it should not been taken that they are free from objection. I find that only a few Me...
9.126.11
Sir, you may be pleased to notice that some of the amendments tabled are entire re-drafts of the items in the draft Constitution. I say with considerable thought and care that I find some serious interpolations in them. As was done in the case of the Hindu Code Bill, a large number of serious interpolations have been made here also. But there h...

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9.141.15
Then again in article 112A we have already provided that the Supreme Court has the powers to review any judgment pronounced or order passed in any case. So in these circumstances, the real utility of article 112B is not very clear. If there are some loopholes in the articles already passed the better course would be to clarify the matter by spec...
9.141.12
: Sir, the amendment which stands in my name is of a verbal nature and, therefore, I shall leave it to the Drafting Committee to consider. I, however, with your permission, desire to take part in the general discussion.

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7.63.250
This word `the' before "State" is a consequential change. Sir, the clause which this amendment seeks to replace runs thus:--     "No citizen of India shall accept any title from any foreign State."
7.63.27
 I have slightly altered my amendment in consequence of the form 'the State adhered to by the House.

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9.138.426
      : My own view is that it is one of the greatest languages and
9.138.405
      : The subject before the House is of very great importance. I think in a matter of this great importance which affects thirty-four crores of people, there should be no quarrel, but at the same time I should say that there should be no unseemly or hasty compromise. It is not for as enlightened people as compared with the vast population of ...

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9.110.125
This was exactly what happened in India some time back. During period of dyarchy in 1921-1937, responsibility was given to the Ministers in the Provinces without any power. The power was kept by the British Government and responsibility was given to popularly elected Ministers on transferred subjects. The result was that they became irresponsib...
9.110.124
This aspect or the matter, I submit, has not received sufficient or adequate consideration in this House. If there is trouble in a State, the initial responsibility for quelling it must rest with the Ministers. If they fail, then the right to initiate emergency measures must lie initially with the Governor or the Ruler. If you do not allow this...

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7.55.116
I move:     "That in clause (1) of Article 4, for the words article 2 or article 3', the words and figures 'article 2 or 3' be substituted".
7.55.111
Sir, I beg to move:     "That the words `of this Constitution' be deleted in clause (1) of article 4 and throughout the Draft Constitution wherever the said words occur in the same context; and a new definition (bb) be inserted in clause (1) of article 303: -     (bb) "article" means article of the Constitution'."

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7.53.152
Sir, this is a non-controversial amendment. It gives a bigger, a more dignified and a more sonorous name to the Union. If any precedent is needed we have it in the "United States of America". I submit that in order to keep the balance between the Western hemisphere and Eastern hemisphere we should adopt this expression in India. India is the lea...
7.53.153
 The other amendment is an alternative to this. I move:"That at the end of clause (1) of Article 1, the following be inserted:'and shall be known as the Indian Union'."

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9.140.383
 : Sir, acceptance of the closure is entirely in the hands of the President. I want to submit a few words regarding amendment No. 4.
9.140.390
 : No, Sir, it is not necessary. I submit you are not bound to put it to the House.

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7.64.155
On appoint of order, Sir, we have not got this amendment at all. In list IV the number does not tally at all. I believe, Sir, it was circulated today and it can not be taken up. We should be given some breathing time in order to understand what is going on.
7.64.59
Will all the others be put to the vote?

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8.96.236
: Sir, I move:"That after Clause (2) of Article 145, the following new clause be added:'(2a) In the performance of his duties the Advocate-General shall have the right of audience in all courts in the State of which he is attached and when appearing for such State, also in all other courts within the territory of India including the Supreme Co...
8.96.239
We have similar provision in the Code of Criminal Procedure as to the Public Prosecutor. In section 493 of that Code, the Public Prosecutor is authorised automatically to appear without any authority in all cases in the district for which he is the Public Prosecutor. There are similar provisions with regard to the Government Pleader or the Crow...

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7.58.183
Sir, I am not moving my amendment No. 985. It merely seeks to use capital letters in the case of the Scheduled Castes. I would respectfully draw the attention of the Chairman of the Drafting Committee to article 303 (1), items (w) and (x) on page 147 of the Draft Constitution. We have there specified two definitions, `Scheduled Castes' and 'Sch...
7.58.98
As this relates only to punctuation. I am asking the Drafting Committee to consider it.

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9.119.37
Yes. These should be taken as amendments to clause (5) of the new draft. I beg to move:     "That in sub-clause (a) of clause (3) of article 150, after the word 'art' the word 'medicine' be inserted."
9.119.4
Mr. Vice-President, Sir, as I have been observing for some time that the Drafting Committee has been springing surprise after surprise on the Members. I do not blame the eminent members of the Drafting Committee for this attitude. I know that their hands are tied. I speak with deep respect for the Drafting Committee and when I offer any comments...

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8.103.241
     The first question is whether you would allow any right of appeal in criminal cases to the highest court. I would draw the attention of the House of the existing state of the law. In fact, there is a right of appeal to His Majesty in Council in criminal cases on a substantial question of law or in cases where grave injustice has otherwise b...
8.103.174
    May I suggest that, there are a large number of amendments relating to the same matter, all amendments may be first formally moved and then general discussion may begin. It would be more convenient to do so.

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8.89.26
     Clause (2) in the article runs thus:     "No officer or other Member of Parliament.........." and so forth.
8.89.43
     : For maintaining order.

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7.81.130
   Sir, with your permission I wish to move the alternative amendment to this, i.e., No. 48 in List II as I think that form it may be acceptable to the House. Sir, I move:     "That for amendment No. 2249 of the List of Amendments, the following be substituted :--'That in clause (3) of article 149, for the words 'last preceding census', the word...
7.81.143
   This amendment is sought to be moved with reference to amendments Nos. 2249 and 2250. I have not moved the first one. But I have moved a substitute amendment with regard to No. 2250. If by implication a reference is being made to the substitute amendment. That will be found to relate to a different subject.

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7.68.179
:  The honourable Member has proposed to accept the deletion of clause (3). It is an explanatory note. I would ask if its deletion will rule out the application of the principle contained therein even apart from the deletion.
7.68.13
Sir, the amendment moved by Dr. Ambedkar just now is also to the same effect. I should think that instead of the expression "subject to public order, morality and health" this expression would be better. The expression "ensuring public order etc.," is perhaps better than "subject to public order etc." This type of draftsmanship has been adopted...

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9.113.116
    I wanted Dr. Ambedkar to be forced to take the permission of the Chair to move it.
9.113.79
    I was waiting all the time.

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5.41.23
Mr. President, Sir, I beg to move that item 9 be deleted. The reason is that there has been in the past considerable amount of dissatisfaction in the country that we had not freedom as to the use of arms or firearms. There has been tremendous and persistent agitation over this and, it need not be elaborated. Now my amendment is that this should...
5.41.109
I am not moving my amendment.

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8.104.92
I have amendment No. 41 which is not fully covered by Dr. Ambedkar's amendment. There are three points which are not covered.
8.104.57
 Under section 411-A of the Criminal Procedure Code.

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5.38.136
There are also other difficulties. The Honourable Mover of the original motion has explained. I submit respectfully, in a very lucid speech, the whole subject in a masterly way. But the subject itself to extremely technical and involved. It therefore requires very careful consideration by the Members to enable them to fully appreciate the implic...
5.38.130
I do not desire to follow the alternate expressions of the learned Mover in Urdu and English, which seem to me akin to alternate currents in electricity. It has put some members to great disadvantage and certainly put some strain on the reporters, some of whom are experts in king down only, English speeches and others only Urdu speeches.

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4.34.29
I have another amendment. That is for Clause 2.
4.34.31
Mine is only a drafting amendment.

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9.111.5
These are some of the difficulties that have been created. It is not here necessary to deal with them in detail. The most important consequence of this encroachment on the States sphere would be that we would be helping the communist techniques. Their technique is that by creating trouble in a Province or a State, they would partially paralyse ...
9.111.161
: Sir, I beg to move:"That in article 247, the words 'unless the context otherwise requires.' be deleted."

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7.57.28
'Masculine' includes 'feminine' in interpretation. 'Every person' mentioned in article 5(a) means certainly feminine as well as masculine. Therefore, as the word 'citizen' has been precisely defined and that defined expression 'citizen' has been used in this article, I think the addition of the words "men and women equally" is unnecessary. If we...
7.57.25
Sir, I beg to move:"That in clause (i) of article 31, the words 'men and women equally' be omitted."  

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10.150.324
Yes. And I am suggesting that they may again be reconsidered by the Drafting Committee, and if there are further irregularities or inconsistencies they should be brought up at a later stage. We are being fed with amendments to satiety. It is impossible to proceed with them for anyone who would like to follow them and consider them.
10.150.341
Our rules provide for that. If the Drafting Committee has got such enormous powers to make changes.....................

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7.82.53
     : He has not listened. He is getting his instructions, Sir.
7.82.55
     : It is not. I am forced to make the remark, Sir. . . .

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5.40.50
Mr. President, Sir. I should submit that I heartily desire that all the States should accede to the fullest extent possible so that they should be treated exactly as the Provinces. But for that purpose I think we should proceed in a legal and constitutional manner. I believe that the States have acceded on three broad matters Defence, Foreign R...
5.40.51
The other difficulty which I have felt on this item is a smaller one. It is about the last word in this item, namely "State". This item has been taken from Item 1 of List I in the Government of India Act and the expression has been bodily lifted from that item of the Government of India Act. But in this report we have also used the word "State" ...

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9.114.40
  My honourable Friend Shri Brajeshwar Prasad has raised a very important point, that articles which are related to one another logically should be put before the House in one lot. Instead of that we are being given things in a piecemeal fashion. The Drafting Committee treats us as if they are magicians and we are the spectators; they give one s...
9.114.41
  Sir, I submit that article 255 is connected with various other things of which one is the problem of the Tribal Areas. You cannot take a partial view of it; you have to take an over-all picture and then decide things. I think this article is a wholesome one but I desire that the hands of the President should be strengthened. I have given my vi...

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7.67.138
Yes, Sir. I remember.
7.67.177
Sir, there is a printing mistake which I want to point out.

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5.39.114
In these circumstances, I ask for a ruling as to whether the first report is before the House by reason only of the fact that the Honourable Member, in a qualified manner said that it may also be referred to. I submit that it could be taken into consideration by way of argument in an incidental manner and not as a substantive Report properly bef...
5.39.110
And then again, the amendment which was tabled should have been moved before the Resolution was put to the vote.

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9.123.162
: Mr. President, Sir, I had no desire to intervene in this debate; but a few of the remarks made by my honourable Friend who has just preceded me calls for a reply.
9.123.164
: Sir, I bow down to your wisdom.

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8.86.39
This question that I would ask the House to consider is whether an amendment of the Rules of Procedure of this House will have the effect of really vesting the Court with the jurisdiction of executing orders for costs passed by the President. The Code of Civil Procedure can only be amended by an amending Act. We have already decided in this Hou...
8.86.78
: Sir, I do not move it.(Amendment Nos. 1457, 1458, 1460 and 1461 were not moved.)

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10.151.361
 Some of the Members including my humble self find it difficult to follow these changes of mind. When clause (2) of article 149 was there, then article 289-B should not have been passed : we should have passed immediately another amendment just to remove mere duplication. So far as the present amendments are concerned they have been circulated ...
10.151.318
 : We have now opened up a very debatable proposition, namely, whether the Ministry and the President would be bound to follow the decision of Parliament. The ruling on the British Constitution on this point will not really be relevant. The British Constitution has long-established conventions. There is no statutory enactment. The powers of the...

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7.66.263
     It is almost a verbal amendment.
7.66.27
   It is No. 510.

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9.128.81
      : Mr. Vice-President, Sir, I have a few short comments to make. I submit that the amendment of Mr. Sarwate will really make Central interference a bearable and an agreeable one. The amendment of Dr. Ambedkar seeks power in the Centre to meddle with educational affairs. But unless it takes the shape of monetary help, such meddling with educ...
9.128.388
     : Yes, Sir, because if this amendment which was just now moved, is accepted, it will be incomplete without my amendment. I shall take only one minute. I beg to move:     "That in List III (sixth week), with reference to amendment No.227 in the proposed new entry 73A the following be added at the end:-     'travel between the planets and the...

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8.97.282
I move the second part only. This amendment has been twice lost in another connection, but I still venture to submit it for the reconsideration of the House so that the other context may be reconsidered by the Drafting Committee. The article provides that if the Deputy Chairman or the Chairman of the Council loses his seat or so often as the of...
8.97.176
: But, Sir, in the corresponding provision to the Central Legislature-the Parliament-the provision is that for the House of the People-the Lower House-the age limit would be twenty-five and for the Legislative Council not less than thirty-five. But as it is printed and circulated.

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9.118.141
     If there is to be election in West Bengal I think it should be held without delay. This is not a general election but an interim one. If the Ministry has lost public confidence the best thing is to let them go to the electorate and stay or quit according to the result. As this would be, an emergency election, it should be carried on with th...
9.118.142
     The powers asked for are of a very revolutionary character. I do not wish any more to take up the time of the House over this but I should think that this procedure of asking for powers without any necessity would create a very bad impression and would supply some amount of justification for adverse criticism of the government. The best way...

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8.94.143
: Sir, article 42 is in another context.
8.94.137
: No, Sir.

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4.27.33
Sir, I beg to move that the following new clause be added after Clause 23:      "24.All matters incidental to or consequential upon the clauses above shall be deemed to be part of and included in, the said clauses."
4.27.28
Sir, my object in moving this amendment is to remove all technical difficulties that may arise at the time of the drafting of the final bill. We have accepted in the House a large number of amendments in the original Report and it is just possible that there may be some gap or omission here and there, met with at the time of the final drafting....

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9.136.173
: But theft is a cognizable offence. It is also non-compoundable. It does not depend on the complaint of any one, absence of objection will not excuse it.
9.136.170
 : There is another matter to which I would like to draw your attention. In regard to the amendment to entry 88-A it is the same amendment as that of Mr. Junjhunwala. It has now been stolen by the Drafting Committee and is being passed on as their own. Curiously enough, Dr. Ambedkar's amendment No is 379 which is the section of the Indian Penal ...

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9.134.255
     : The members of the Public Service Commission would then have to learn the language of a candidate they want to test.
9.134.329
     : There are other difficulties which I want to submit. I do not mind sitting for any length of time. The only thing that I care for is that we should be given sufficient time to consider the amendments. The Drafting Committee is not yet ready with some of their most important amendments. I would most respectfully ask you to consider our si...

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7.79.69
     Sir, with your permission and the permission of the House I wish to move amendment No. 1434 in a slightly altered form. There will be some verbal changes in accordance with a similar amendment which has already been accepted by the House.
7.79.70
     I beg to move:     "That in sub-clause (c) of clause (5) of article 67, for the words 'last preceding census', the words 'last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published' be substituted."

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11.157.267
: I would like to have leave to withdraw it.The amendment was, by leave of the Assembly, withdrawn.
11.157.2
: I have a point of order. After the revised Draft Constitution was available to us, a large number of corrections in the shape of list of corrigenda was supplied--that is List No. 1, and as I understand the Constitution as it was accepted by the House for preliminary purposes, the revised draft was accepted subjected to corrections in List No....

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7.79.78
  Sir, I beg to move:     "That clause (7) of Article 67 be omitted."
7.79.70
     I beg to move:     "That in sub-clause (c) of clause (5) of article 67, for the words 'last preceding census', the words 'last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published' be substituted."

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9.107.137
      : I was trying to show how this unsatisfactory state, of affairs in today's amendment arose.
9.107.141
      : Sir, I am coming to my point at once. There has been a last minute attempt to repair the blunder and I ask the House to kindly consider how the matter stands. In clause (1) as it stands today, normally, the number of members of the Council shall not be more than 25 per cent. Confining our attention to an Assembly of 60, according to pre...

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8.102.94
   I simply submit that something should be done to stop this tendency or as least to allow Members time to follow them. This is only by way of a general complaint. There is now-a-days a tendency to submit new amendments which are in the nature of changing the Constitution itself. This tendency is rather confusing and very inconvenient to Member...
8.102.89
     Sir, I do not desire to say anything on the merits of this amendment. Experienced experts have differed from certain provisions of this amendment. I however desire to draw the attention of the House to a growing and alarming tendency to introduce new amendments to the Constitution itself.

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7.73.149
: On a point of order, Sir, this is merely a verbal amendment.
7.73.135
: Mr. Vice-President, we have already decided by accepting certain rules that amendments which are intended to beautify the language of an article will not be allowed. Improving the language is not now one of the objectives of an amendment. Before the amendment was moved, it looked like an imposing amendment, but Dr. Ambedkar has clearly admitt...

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8.90.199
     : But the amendment has not been formally moved
8.90.150
     To ask a Supreme Court Judge to take up any position of profit under the Government with the consent of the President would be to introduce a pernicious principle. Judicial officers, especially of the highest rank should never be induced to accept any Government job. When they retire, they should never look up to Government for some sort o...

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7.60.144
This, I am very sorry to say, creates some amount of anomaly in this context. In fact I have no difficulty in applying the provisions of part III to local and other authorities i.e., District Boards, Municipalities etc., but I object only to the Municipalities and District Boards and other authorities to be styled a `State'. One honourable gentl...
7.60.143
At the time I gave notice of this amendment I thought that the whole of the article 7 as redrafted by the Drafting Committee would be moved together. But really only a small amendment has been moved to the original article 7. What I want to do by these amendments is to remove the words - "all local and other authorities within the territory of I...

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4.32.119
Then again, we have to consider the entry of the States into the Federation, and if we have this in mind, a Second Chamber would be an absolute necessity. Without a Second Chamber it would be difficult to fit in the representatives of the States in the scheme of things.
4.32.178
Mr. President, Sir, I wish to say a few words regarding the comment made by the Honourable Member who opposed the inclusion of Chapter III. In his speech he has expressed a sentiment which will be the common sentiment in this House. It is that we are going to have a free India; but with the other sentiment in connection with that amendment, I am...

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8.101.33
One can understand a provision of this kind, namely, a decision which involves the declaration of the validity of an Act. Such questions would involve questions of general importance affecting the public at large. In such circumstances the High Court must transfer the case to itself on the application of the Advocate-General of India or the Advo...
8.101.31
    Then again, supposing the High Court withdraws the case for the interpretation of the Constitution and after its decision it goes back for determination of facts. The trial is resumed and the Court gives its finding on the facts. I would ask what would happen to a man who is dissatisfied with the preliminary judgment of the High Court? Will ...

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7.75.17
 : Sir, in view of the assurance given that it will be considered by the Drafting Committee, I will not press this amendment.
7.75.82
 : Mr. Vice-President, Sir, I beg to move:     "That in proviso (c) of article 56, after the word 'term', the words, 'or resignation or removal as the case may be' be inserted." .

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8.99.88
Amendment No. 37 also relates to that.
8.99.209
Mr. President, Sir, I think there is a tempest in a tea pot. The article provides for a very likely and a very ordinary contingency which is likely to happen in Court from day to day. The Draft Constitution will come into operation on a certain date, but before the Draft Constitution comes into operation action will be taken, Bills will be pass...

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9.108.22
Then again in clause (2) of the Amendment, it is provided that if the Upper House fails to pass a Bill within two months, the result would be that the Lower House will again consider it and pass it with or without any Amendment and then it is placed again before the Upper House. It is provided in this clause that if a Bill comes up before the Up...
9.108.21
 :Sir, I rise to oppose the Amendment moved by Dr. Ambedkar. I do not blame him personally for the Amendment but he has to conform to outside opinion. I submit that this Amendment will frustrate the very object of having a Second Chamber. The avowed object of a Second Chamber is revision and delay. This is often very necessary in a popular Hous...

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4.23.202
Mr. President, Sir, I beg to support the original motion, namely, that the Provincial Constitution be now taken into consideration. The amendment really is to the effect that the Provincial Constitution should not be taken up before the Report on the Union Constitution is considered. I submit, however, that the Provincial Constitution and the Un...
4.23.236
But we have received them only this morning. Some of us, I understand, got them today on coming to the House.

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9.115.159
 : Sir, the amendment that has been moved is a last-minute consolidated amendment taken from several amendments in the printed amendments. Though in the profession of law for a very long time, I find it a bit confusing to follow how the scattered amendments have been consolidated and whether any departure has been made in the process. In trying ...
9.115.195
 : A long adjournment might make us forget everything.

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7.49.84
Mr. President, Sir, I have a short time at my disposal to deal with this enormous subject and I shall therefore confine myself to one or two specific subjects and reserve my comments on other matters for a latter stage. The first thing to which I wish to draw the attention of the House is the treatment of the expression "States". "States" under ...
7.49.86
Then, I have one or two things to say with regard to another subject. Coming to the directive principles of State policy, articles 28 to 40, I think that these are pious expressions. They have no binding force. These cannot be enforced in a Court of Law and really, as the Honourable the Law Minister himself candidly admitted, they are pious supe...

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10.146.101
     This is no doubt a matter affecting constitutional form, but it seems to me of fundamental importance.
10.146.99
     Mr. President, Sir, the point, though a very short one, raises a question of constitutional form. I think when the Governor- General ceases to function and a new President comes to take his place, the Ministers should vacate and should be reappointed. This seems to follow logically from first principles. The first reason is that the existin...

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7.62.165
Then, Sir, I have one more word to say in this connection and that is that in line 3 of this clause in the midst of the sentence, the word 'Untouchability' begins with a capital letter. This is a matter for the Drafting Committee.
7.62.163
Sir, I move:     "That for article 11, the following article be substituted:--     '11. No one shall on account of his religion or caste be treated or regarded as an 'untouchable'; and its observance in any form may be made punishable by law.' "

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4.22.67
Secondly, we should have official copies of the May 16 Statement and also of the June 3 Statement. Although everybody has read them, we should like to have official copies of the same. Only then will it be possible for us to proceed in a systematic manner.
4.22.66
Mr. President. Sir, I am a new-comer to this House. I find from the motion moved by K. M. Munshi that what is proposed to be taken into consideration is the 'further Report' of the Order of Business Committee. It means that there was an earlier report. We have no copy of it. This puts us under a handicap.. It is very necessary for us to know wh...

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8.100.57
    With regard to the provision for compulsory retirement at sixty, I think this will not be a very good thing. I think longevity and effective age would increase in our country. Judges of the High Courts are not ordinary men. They are selected from the best legal talents and they have to keep in touch with legal literature. I do not think that...
8.100.56
    The second part of his amendment is that a distinguished jurist also can be appointed as a Judge of the High Court. In fact, we have adopted this in connection with article 103 which I have just mentioned. In sub-clause (c) of clause (3) of article 103 we have provided that a distinguished jurist can be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Co...

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8.105.19
The word 'Dominion' is applicable to India as it is constituted today. In the new set-up of things which is being drawn by this Consititution the word 'Dominion' or the idea of any Dominion would be repugnant to our Constitution. That is why I have sought the deletion of this. If the deletion is accepted the passage will run thus namely "the Go...
8.105.18
: Mr. President, Sir, I beg to move:     "That in article 270, the words 'the Dominion of' be deleted."

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7.69.6
 Sir, the text says: 'a section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof'. The expression 'or any part thereof' implies, if the passage is fully written out 'a section of the citizens residing in the whole of the territory of India or any part thereof.' I submit that no part of the citizens can reside in the 'whole'...
7.69.5
Mr. Vice-President, Sir, I beg to move--     "That with reference to amendment No. 678 of the List of Amendments, in clause (1) of article 23, for the words  "residing in the territory of India or any part there of" the words "residing in any part of the territory of India" be substituted.”

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9.112.158
Sir, I shall discuss the amendment purely on a statistical basis. Speaking, of pre-partition figures, the salt tax brought to the Central Government nine crores of rupees per annum. That amounted, on a pre-partition basis, to a tax of three annas per head per year, i.e. three pies per month per head, which actually works out at one tenth of a p...
9.112.157
 : Mr. President, Sir, I wish to confine my remarks to the deletion of clause (1) of article 253, to the effect that no duties on salt shall be levied by the Union. The amendment of Mr. Mahavir Tyagi seeks to delete it and I desire to support his amendment. I may inform the House-as they will find from the printed blue book of amendments -that ...

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7.71.148
Sir, I beg to submit that this amendment will have an effect quite contrary to some of the amendments which have been moved by Prof. K. T. Shah. It purports to limit the power of the President in this way that, if any power is specifically exercisable by any State or any local authority, the President will not be empowered to exercise those powe...
7.71.147
I beg to move:     "That for sub-clause (a) of clause (3) of article 42, the following be substituted:'(a) be deemed to authorise or empower the President to exercise any power or perform any function which by any existing law is exercisable or performable by the Government of any State or by any other authority; or' "

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9.117.159
 All my amendments may be considered by the Drafting Committee.
9.117.157
: No reply has been given to this, but I do not press it.

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9.133.140
     : Amendment No. 195. This is a drafting amendment. I have explained the purport of this amendment in connection with the Fifth Schedule. I would only like that it should be considered by the Drafting Committee.

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7.76.3
 : Sir, on a point of order. Is an adjournment motion in this House permissible?

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9.130.46
: Sir, I am not moving my amendment No. 242, for reasons of economy of time.

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4.25.134
Mr. President, Sir we are asked in short to agree to a Schedule that is not in existence. One of the speakers has pointed out that the Schedule will be on the lines of the Instrument of Instructions to follow. But the Note, to the clause if I may be permitted to refer to it merely says that the Schedule will take the place of the Instrument of ...

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8.106.26
: Mr. President, Sir, I have come here to support this article. At the beginning when I came to this Assembly for the first time, I thought that the Provinces should be made strong and the Centre to that extent must yield. But after a considerable amount of experience and on prolonged consideration of what is happening in the Provinces and in t...

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5.43.26
Also not moving.

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7.83.4
     I also think that the resolution requires some amendments. If it is moved from the Chair, it will be impossible for us to suggest any amendments or even to discuss the same. I have already suggested to Sir B. N. Rau some amendments. In the circumstances it would be far better to allow some Minister to move the Resolution so that we can have...
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