CADIndia Project: Read Search and Explore India's Constitutional Origins

The Constitution of India, 1950 was shaped over a long historical period by several political and legal processes: British colonial legislation, aspirational political documents produced by the freedom movement and finally the Constituent Assembly debates. 

This history is an invaluable guide to understanding Indian constitutional and political values and provides sharp insights into contemporary political controversies - from cow slaughter to the death penalty. 


WWW.CONSTITUTIONOFINDIA.NET is a website designed to make these resources accessible in a userfriendly manner through:


Browse digitized and fully searchable versions of 24 Historical Constitutions and 165 days of the Constituent Assembly's deliberations.



Trace the evolution of political and legal ideas from 1895 to 1950 through a powerful search engine. The results may be filtered by the document source, constitutional provision and comparative constitutional reference.



Explore this history through analytical summaries of Historical Constitutions and short introductions to the Constituent Assembly process, biographies of key Constituent Assembly members and summaries of Constituent Assembly Debates on key constitutional provisions.



Through our workshops on Indian constitutional history for schools, Universities or workplaces or participate in our annual political history and constitutional law Quiz 'ConQuest'. 

Phase 1

The phase I began in July 2015 and ended in January, 2016. In this phase we have:

  • Curated, coded and tagged the CADs on Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles.
  • Designed the website and user interface
  • Put together essential background information on India’s constitution-making period.
  • The website was launched on Republic Day, Jan 26, 2016.

Phase 2

Phase II began in January 2016 and ended in December 2016. In this phase, we

  • Expanded coverage to approximately 80% of the CAD that includes themes such as federalism, judiciary, citizenship, democratic institutions etc.
  • Added to the database 10 Historical constitutions that capture the constitutional imagination of important individuals and institutions that preceded the formal drafting of the Indian Constitution.
  • Revamped the design and improve functionality of the website.
  • Built public engagement with the website through workshops and public events
  • Organised the ConQuest Quiz, the first national quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics
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Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom.

The Constitutional and Civic Citizenship Project has been undertaken by the Centre for Law and Policy Research(CLPR), a not-for-profit organisation established to promote law and public policy research, public interest litigation and interventions in legal education.

This website is supported by the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. The contents of this website are the responsibility of CLPR.