CADIndia Project: Read Search and Explore India's Constitutional Origins

The Constitution of India, 1950 was shaped over a long historical period by several political and legal processes: British colonial legislation, aspirational political documents produced by the freedom movement and finally the Constituent Assembly debates. 

This history is an invaluable guide to understanding Indian constitutional and political values and provides sharp insights into contemporary political controversies - from cow slaughter to the death penalty. 


WWW.CONSTITUTIONOFINDIA.NET is a website designed to make these resources accessible in a user-friendly manner through:



Browse digitized and fully searchable versions of 24 Historical Constitutions and 166 days of the Constituent Assembly's deliberations.



Trace the evolution of political and legal ideas from 1895 to 1950 through a powerful search engine. The results may be filtered by the document source, constitutional provision and comparative constitutional reference.



Through our workshops on Indian constitutional history for schools, Universities or workplaces; or by reading the content on our blog, pegging historical events to contemporary affairs.



Explore this history through analytical summaries of Historical Constitutions and short introductions to the Constituent Assembly process, biographies of key Constituent Assembly members and summaries of Constituent Assembly Debates on key constitutional provisions.

Phase 1

The phase I began in July 2015 and ended in January, 2016. In this phase we have:

  • Curated, coded and tagged the CADs on Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles.
  • Designed the website and user interface
  • Put together essential background information on India’s constitution-making period.
  • The website was launched on Republic Day, Jan 26, 2016.

Phase 2

Phase II began in January 2016 and ended in December 2016. In this phase, we

  • Expanded coverage to approximately 80% of the CAD that includes themes such as federalism, judiciary, citizenship, democratic institutions etc.
  • Added to the database 10 Historical constitutions that capture the constitutional imagination of important individuals and institutions that preceded the formal drafting of the Indian Constitution.
  • Revamped the design and improve functionality of the website.
  • Built public engagement with the website through workshops and public events
  • Organised the ConQuest Quiz, the first national quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics

Phase 3

Phase III began in January 2017 and ended in January 2019. In this phase, we:

  • Increased the number of Historical Constitutions to 23.
  • Conducted 18 events, seminars and workshops.
  • Founded the National Constitution Society and elected its first Board at the NCS Convention.
  • Conducted the second and third editions of ConQuest, with over 800 participants totally.

Phase 4

Phase IV began in 2019. In this phase, we have:

  • Expanded our database of Assembly Member Biographies to 79.
  • Conducted 28 events, seminars and workshops - including with the NCS.
  • Created summaries of the debates on over 200 Articles of the Constitution
  • Produced a steady stream of content - on average, two articles per week - pegging contemporary affairs to historical events.
  • Successfully conducted the fourth edition of ConQuest with over 700 participants.
  • Rebranded as '' to better reflect the scope of our website and activities.

Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom.

The Constitutional and Civic Citizenship Project has been undertaken by the Centre for Law and Policy Research(CLPR), a not-for-profit organisation established to promote law and public policy research, public interest litigation and interventions in legal education.

This website is supported by the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. The contents of this website are the responsibility of CLPR.