Welcome to Our New Website!
We are excited to announce the launch of Constitutionofindia.net 3.0 on the occasion of Ambedkar Jayanti 2023! This latest version features significant upgrades in functionality, an expanded range of resources, and a comprehensive redesign aimed at emphasizing accessibility and readability.
Founding of India's Republic: Continuity or Departure from Civilisation?
The Sengol ceremony during the new Parliament's inauguration was an attempt to depict India's founding as a continuation of its civilisational heritage. Did the Founders perceive India's transformation in similar vein?
The Constituent Assembly’s Concerns over President’s Ordinance Powers
Last Friday, the President promulgated an ordinance overturning a significant Supreme Court judgment. Did our Constitution framers intend for the ordinance powers to be used in such a manner?
Delhi and Washington: The Two Capitals' Pursuit of Self-Governance
This piece draws parallels between India and the United States, examining the historical debates and current developments surrounding self-government for the capital cities.
Constitution Day Campaign at Kozhikode, Kerala
The ConstitutionofIndia.net team organized a Mock Parliament and a Constitution Quiz for students across Kozhikode as part of the District Administration's Constitution Day Campaign.
The Making of India’s Constitution
Watch this exclusive animated video that traces the long history of Indian constitution-making and highlights the radical constitutional choices made by the Indian Constituent Assembly.
Join us in Becoming a Constitution Defender!
Our constitutional values and goals are laid out in the first 85 words of the Constitution, known as the Preamble. Our widely popular Preamble T-Shirt features stunning design and beautiful illustrations. Get your hands on one today and become a #ConstitutionDefender!
Read the Constitution of India
Article 123: Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament
Article 39: Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State
Article 368: Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefor
Constituent Assembly Debates
04 Nov 1948 - 08 Jan 1949
Political Demands of Scheduled Castes 1944 (SCF)
B.R Ambedkar, the founder of the All India Scheduled Castes Federation (SCF), appended this document to his 1945 book 'What the Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables'. The document comprises a series of resolutions passed by the SCF's Working Committee that demanded constitutional protections for Schedules Caste community.
Search through Indian Constitutional History Archives
Explore the fascinating history of India's Constitution with our robust search engine. Our extensive database features meticulously tagged and edited primary materials from 1874 to 1950, including plenary debates and committee reports of the Indian Constituent Assembly, Historical Constitutions, and the Constitution of India 1950. With powerful search filters and sorting options, you can engage with these materials in exciting new ways that promote discovery, insight, and analysis around India's constitutional origins.
Explore how the Indian Constitution was made
First Session of the Constituent Assembly
13 DEC 1946 - 22 JAN 1947
Committee Stages and Second Session of Constituent Assembly Debates
27 FEB 1947 - 30 AUG 1947
Draft Constitution by the Constitutional Adviser
01 FEB 1947 - 31 OCT 1947
First Draft Constitution
27 OCT 1947 - 21 FEB 1948
Public Circulation of First Draft
21 FEB 1948 - 26 OCT 1948
Debates on the Draft Constitution
4 NOV 1948
Second Reading of the Draft Constitution
14 NOV 1948 - 17 OCT 1949
Revision of the Draft Constitution
Third Reading of Drafting Constitution
14 NOV 1949 - 26 NOV 1949
Enactment and Adoption of the Constitution of India
26 JAN 1950
The Constitution making process was organised around the deliberations of the Constituent Assembly. On 9 December 1946, the Constituent Assembly sat for the first time. In the span of 2 years and 11 months, it completed its task of framing India's Constitution. During this period the Constituent Assembly had 11 sessions and sat for a total of 167 days.
Engage with ideas and insights around the Constitution of India
Bhagat Singh Hanged, Karachi Resolution Passed
23 March 2023 • By Vineeth Krishna
On 23 March 1931 the British hanged Bhagat Singh for his involvement in the Lahore Conspiracy Case. Just a week later, the the Indian National Congress passed the iconic Karachi Resolution 1931. Were these two historic events connected?
Should Courts Review Delimitation?
22 March 2023 • By Vineeth Krishna
There are allegations that the recent delimitation exercises have redrawn constituency boundaries to give an advantage to a particular political party. Should courts intervene?
The Making of India’s Constitution
Gauhati Medical College Wins Grand Finale of ConQuest 2022
Christ (Deemed to be) University, Bengaluru
The National Constitution Society (NCS) is a ConstitutionofIndia.net led network of student groups at schools, colleges and universities across India that work towards building and sustaining a vibrant constitution culture.
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