Constitution of India
395 Articles, organised into 25 Parts and 12 Schedules, make up the Constitution of India
Each Part collates Articles on specific themes. E.g. Fundamental Rights in Part III.
Each Schedule contains provisions necessary to apply related Articles.
The Constitution of India 1950 was preceded by British authored framework legislation to govern India, and proto-constitutional drafts by several Indian individuals and groups. These Historical Constitutions are archived here.
The Constitution of India 1950 was drafted by a Constituent Assembly. 167 days of plenary assembly debates from 9 December 1946 to 24 January 1950 are archived here.
Browse digitised, edited and paragraph-numbered versions of critical primary materials related to the Indian Constitution and its origins.
Documents prepared by smaller groups of Constituent Assembly members which conducted preliminary research and advanced recommendations on specific constitutional topics.
Travel through the various stage of the constitution-making process, discover the contributions of diverse institutions, and learn more about the framers of the Constitution through their biographies.
Learn about the members of the Constituent Assembly, the role they played in India’s freedom movement and their contributions to constitution-making.
A stage-by-stage overview of the drafting of the Constitution of India 1950. Begin with our popular video on the making of the Indian Constitution.
The Constitution of India 1950 was drafted by the collective work of the following institutions:
A 389-member body responsible for drafting India’s Constitution.
Committees were created by the Constituent Assembly comprising smaller groups of members delegated with various responsibilities.
An unofficial forum consisting of Assembly members belonging to the Indian National Congress that met on the side-lines of the Assembly.
Discover a wide range of writings and original multimedia content, in the form of blogs, podcasts and videos, that offer valuable insights into the history of India's Constitution, highlighting its relevance to current events both in India and worldwide. We rely on our extensive database of primary materials to produce this content.
Explore India’s rich constitutional and political history through a diverse collection of archival images, audio and video.
Articles that engage with important political, social and legal developments in India and the world through constitutional and political history.
Our writings and research brought to life through voice. Also features interviews with scholars and educators.
Workshops, talks, and educational videos exclusively produced by us on India’s constitutional origins.
Omitted by the Constitution (Forty-third Amendment) Act,1977, s. 2 (w.e.f.13-4-1978).
This provision was not included in the Constitution of India 1950. It was later inserted by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976 and subsequently deleted by the Constitution (Forty-third Amendment) Act, 1977.