It shall be the obligation of the State to protect every monument or place or object of artistic or historic interest, declared by or [under law made by Parliament] to be of national importance, from spoliation, disfigurement, destruction, removal, disposal or export, as the case may be.

Debate Summary

Draft Article 39 (Article 49 of the Constitution of India, 1950) was debated on November 24, 1948. ‘Under law made by Parliament’ was inserted by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment Act), 1956.  While preservation of history was deemed significant in general, the only debate was on whether the parliament should have the power to make these declarations. This power has today been constitutionally extended.