Dr. Mukund Ramrao Jayakar was born in Bombay in 1873 and grew up to become a prominent lawyer. He was one of the key members of the Hindu Mahasabha and was its first President; he was also one of the non-Brahmin leaders of the Mahasabha.
He established the Hindu Law Research and Reform Association (HLRRA) in 1923. This organization aimed to build a network of legal practitioners and scholars to advance, reform and work on Hindu legal framework. One of the main objectives of HLRRA was to determine, under the English regime, the ‘principles underlying the system of Hindu Law…and propose legislation with a view to rectify errors in the administration of Hindu Law, arising from departure from the true spirit of the Hindu Code.‘
Contribution to Constitution Making:
Jayakar was a member of the Sapru Committee, a non-party affiliated group, which produced a report in 1945. The Sapru Committee Report laid down principles for a new constitution and demanded a constitution making body.
Jayakar authored his autobiography ‘The Story of My Life‘.
When Jawaharlal Nehru sought to move the Objectives Resolution, Dr. Jayakar through his amendment argued for postponing Assembly sessions until the Muslim League and the Princely States joined the Constituent Assembly. He noted that the decision of India becoming a ‘Republic’ was ‘intimately connected to Muslim League and the Princely States’.
- The Story of My Life, M.R. Jayakar (1958)
- M. R. Jayakar by V.B. Kulkarni