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Kengal Hanumanthaiah
1908 - 1980

Early Life:

Kengal Hanumanthaiah was born on 14th February, 1908 in  Lakkappanahalli village near Ramanagara district in Karnataka. He went on to pursue his B.A in the Mysore Maharaja College. An active participant in student politics, he became the secretary of the Student Union in 1925. After graduating, he went on to complete his LL. B from the Poona Law college in the year 1932. 


Role in India’s Independence Movement:

Hanumanthaiah took an active part in the independence struggle. In the year 1928, he led a student protest opposing the Simon Commission. Although he joined the Bar Council to practice law, he was inspired by erstwhile INC president P. Tandon to devote himself to the freedom struggle. He further took part in many movements such as the Quit India movement and was an active part of the Mysore Chalo movement post-independence.


Contribution to Constitution Making:

Hanumanthaiah was elected to the Constituent Assembly from Mysore on a Congress party ticket. He strongly advocated for the need to provide greater autonomy to the states, and intervened in favour of the concept of federalism during the debates.


Later Contributions:

Post-Independence, Kengal Hanumanthaiah served as the Chief Minister of the Mysore state in the year 1952. He was responsible for the building of the Vidhana Soudha, the grand seat of legislative sovereignty in the state of Mysore.

Later, he played an active part in national politics, serving as the Law and Social Welfare Minister in 1970 and Railways Minister in 1972.

Hanumanthaiah passed away on 1st December, 1980.


Member, Committee for the Drafting of a Model Constitution for the Indian States.

  1. Hanumanthaiah argued that the constitution had been drafted improperly, describing its unitary nature as antithetical to the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi.
  2. He advocated for greater state autonomy, particularly in matters of taxation, and for India to adopt federalism in a strict sense.

  1. Kannada da Jyothi Kengal Hanumanthaiah, Javare Gowda D.
  2. Vidhana Soudha Shilpi Kengal Hanumanthaiah, a biography, B.H Suresh, 2008.