Constituent Assembly Members

P. S. Deshmukh

1898 - 1965

Key Information






Mother Tongue:


Committee Memberships


Early Life

Dr Punjabrao S Deshmukh, also known as Babusaheb Deshmukh was born on 27 December 1898. Born and raised in Amravati, Maharashtra, he obtained his early education in Papal and Amravati. Later, he went on to study in Fergusson College, Poona, Edinburgh University, Oxford University and Lincoln’s Inn, London.

Role in India’s Independence Movement

Deshmukh was a farmers’ rights activist and set up the C. P. & Berar Farmers’ Association. He participated in Satyagraha to protest against untouchability in Amba Temple, Amravati. Further, he set up Shivaji Education Society.

Contribution to Constitution Making

Deshmukh was elected from Central Provinces & Berar. He spoke frequently in the Constituent Assembly and intervened in debates around citizenship and federalism.

Later Contributions

Deshmukh was the Union Minister of Agriculture in the first cabinet post-independence. He was elected to the Lok Sabha for two terms between 1952 and 1962. During his stint as a Parliamentarian, he held the portfolios of Union Minister of Agriculture and Union Minister of Cooperation.

He continued his advocacy work around agriculture and farmers’ rights, and represented India at international organizations, conferences and delegations including F.A.O. Conference and Far East Regional Conferences.

Deshmukh passed away in 1965.


Key Speeches

1. During the debate around citizenship provisions, he proposed the insertion of a residuary clause which would provide Hindus and Sikhs, irrespective of residence, Indian citizenship.
2. Deshmukh argued for moving the item of food adulteration from the State List to the Concurrent List.