Rohini Kumar Chaudhuri was born in Kamrup, Assam on 2nd May 1889. Chaudhuri attended Government High Schools in Nowgong, Gauhati, Dhubri in Assam and went on to obtain degrees in Arts and Law from the Scottish Church College, Presidency College and Ripon College. Later, he became a Senior Advocate in the Supreme Court of India.
He was deeply involved in Assamese politics, and became a member of the Assam legislature from 1927 to 1945.
Role in India’s Independence Movement
Chaudhuri was one of the leaders of the non-cooperation movement in Assam.
Contribution to Constitution Making
Chaudhuri was elected to the Constituent Assembly from Assam on a Congress party ticket. In the Assembly, he intervened on issues ranging from citizenship, discrimination and untouchability.
- During the discussion around Draft Article 5A (Article 6 of the Constitution of India – which deals with principles of citizenship of persons who migrated from Pakistan to India during partition) Chaudhuri argued for ensuring citizenship rights for people who have migrated to Assam long before the partition.
- Chaudhuri pointed out that Draft Article 11 (Article 17 of the Constitution of India, 1950) which prohibits untouchability was vague as it did not define untouchability. Through his amendment, he sought to clarify the meaning and scope of untouchability.
- When the Assembly was debating Draft Article 9 (Article 15 of the Constitution of India) which prohibits discrimination, Chaudhuri argued for including dress based non-discrimination.