H.C. Mookherjee was born in 1877 in Bengal. He was an English Professor in City College Calcutta from 1898 to 1914. Later, he served in the University of Calcutta in many capacities: as a Lecturer, Secretory, Council of Post-Graduate Teaching in Arts, Inspector of Colleges, and University Professor of English from 1936-1940 and the head of the Department till 1942. Mookherjee went on to become the Vice-Chancellor of the University.
He was the President of various teacher’s associations and a member of the Bengal Legislative Council (later Assembly) from 1937 to 1942.
Role in India’s Independence Movement:
He was a prominent Bengali Christian leader and was elected as the President of the All India Council of Indian Christians. He was also a member of the Indian National Congress where he represented the interests of the Bengali Christian Community.
Contribution to Constitution Making:
Along with V.T. Krishnamachari, Mookherjee was unanimously nominated as the Vice-President of the Assembly. He made interventions in debates relating to reservation for backward communities.
He passed away in 1956.
- Vice-President of the Constituent Assembly;
- Chairman, Minorities Sub- Committee; and
- Member, Provincial Constitution Committee.
Mookherjee argued that reservation for backward communities in the legislature should be subject to a ten-year time limit.