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ConQuest 2020
26th November 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief - Constitution Day: Some Writings on the Framers of the Indian Constitution

Today, 26th November, is nationally celebrated as Constitution Day. It was on this day in 1949 that the Constituent Assembly formally adopted the Constitution of India, af...

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Desk Brief
26th November 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Constitution Day: How did Women Influence the Constitution?

Today, 26th November, is Constitution Day.  On this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly formally adopted the Constitution of India after nearly three years of deliberati...

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CADIndia
18th November 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Jaipal Singh Munda & The Demand for Jharkhand

Sunday (15 November) was Jharkhand Foundation Day. On that day in 2000, the state of Jharkhand was formally established through the Bihar State Reorganization Act.  Sin...

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Desk Brief
13th November 2020 | Ritambhara Singh

Writings on the Indian Constitution: A People's Constitution

How did the Constitution of India, drafted by an exclusive group of individuals elected through the limited franchise, gain popular legitimacy? Rohit De’s book, A People’s...

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Writings on the Indian Constitution
7th November 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Should the U.S. have a Centralized Election Commission?

The ongoing U.S. presidential elections are the most contentious in recent memory. Even before Election Day on 3rd November, over 300 lawsuits had been filed challenging v...

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American Constitution
Desk Brief
5th November 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month In Constitution-Making (November 1949): Drafting Committee Comes Under Fire

On the 17th of November 1949, proceedings of the Constituent Assembly began with Ambedkar moving the motion: ‘That the Constitution as settled by the Assembly be passed’. ...

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This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
29th October 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Zamindari Abolition in Indian Constitutional History

The TV adaptation of Vikram Seth’s epic novel A Suitable Boy was recently released on Netflix in India. Set in the fictional town of Brahmpur in 1951, the tv show, much li...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
27th October 2020 | ThePrint Team

Mumbai’s Government Law College wins Grand Finale of ConQuest 2020

(This article first appeared in ThePrint) On Sunday, the fifth edition of ConQuest, India’s premier national quiz on the country’s history, constitutional law and polit...

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ConQuest 2020
ConQuest
27th October 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution Making (October 1949): Brajeshwar Prasad proposes to remove 'Sovereignty' from the Preamble

On 17 October 1949 the Constituent Assembly took up the Draft Constitution’s preamble for debate. Brajeshwar Prasad, eminent freedom fighter and Congress party member, in ...

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This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
24th October 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

The Grand Finale of ConQuest 2020 is here!

  View this post on Instagram A post shared by Constitution of India (@constitutionofindia1950) on Oct 23, 2020 at 3:34am PDT ConQuest 2020 is t...

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ConQuest 2020
ConQuest
19th October 2020 | ThePrint Team

Four More Teams Qualify, Stage is Set for ConQuest Grand Finale on 25 October

(This article first appeared in ThePrint). The fifth edition of ConQuest, India’s premier national quiz on the Constitution, history, constitutional law and politics, i...

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ConQuest 2020
ConQuest
13th October 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Call for Research Associate/Associate Editor| Constitutionofindia.net Website

Centre for Law and Policy Research, Bangalore (CLPR) is a not-for-profit dedicated to making the Constitution work for everyone through law and policy research, social...

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12th October 2020 | Pia Krishnankutty

Knockout rounds of fifth edition of ConQuest begin, four teams qualify for grand finale

(This article first appeared in ThePrint) The fifth edition of ConQuest, India’s premier national quiz on the Constitution, history, constitutional law and politics, is...

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ConQuest 2020
ConQuest
9th October 2020 | Kruthika R and Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Fifth edition of ConQuest kicks off online, preliminary results out

(This report first appeared in ThePrint on 8th October 2020) The fifth edition of ConQuest, India’s premier national quiz on the Constitution, history and politics, wen...

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ConQuest 2020
ConQuest
9th October 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

The Knockout Rounds for ConQuest 2020 are here!

The Knockout Rounds for ConQuest 2020 are taking place across two weekends: from 2 - 4 p.m. on 10th-11th October and 17th October, and from 4-6 p.m. on 18th October. A...

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ConQuest 2020
ConQuest
30th September 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly's Federal Scheme for Agriculture in India

Late last week, the President of India assented to the controversial farm Bills that had triggered opposition and protest among farmers, political parties, State governmen...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
28th September 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Bhagat Singh’s Legacy – A Constitutional Revolutionary?

Today, 113 years ago, Bhagat Singh was born in undivided Punjab. His role in the Indian freedom movement has been immortalised in literature, art, and film owing to his dr...

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Historical Constitutions
Desk Brief
22nd September 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

Why are Union Executive Actions taken in the Name of the President?

On 7 January 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up Article 64 of the Draft Constitution (Article 77, Constitution of India 1950). The Draft Article provided for all execu...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
20th September 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution Making (September 1945): Labour Party Wins Election, India Moves Closer to Independence

The 1945 UK General Election was significant: it came right after World War II. British voters had the chance to shape the post-war future of their war-fatigued country. T...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This Month in Constitution Making
14th September 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: The Demand for Gender Equality in Property Law

In August 2020, the Supreme Court in Vineeta Sharma v. Rakesh Sharma held that Hindu women could claim equal rights as men in ancestral property. Although the Hindu Succes...

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Desk Brief
1
14th September 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

ConQuest 2020: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) is excited to announce the 5th edition of ConQuest: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Po...

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ConQuest 2020
ConQuest
31st August 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: H.V. Kamath Wanted the Right to Bear Arms

Protestors who had assembled to protest the shooting of Jacob Blake, an unarmed African-American man, in the city of Kenosha in Wisconsin, were recently targeted by an arm...

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Desk Brief
30th August 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Education and Universal Adult Franchise 

India, unlike many other nations, adopted universal adult franchise immediately after it gained independence. Under British rule, franchise was subject to certain qualific...

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Desk Brief
26th August 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

Sardar Patel’s Defence of India’s Civil Service  

Earlier this month, the results of the Indian civil service exam – that selects candidates for the upper echelons of India’s civil services -  were announced. The expansio...

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Historical Constitutions
CADIndia
24th August 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: The Demand for 'Mother Tongue Instruction' in the Constituent Assembly

The National Education Policy, released in July 2020, has proposed major reforms to India’s education system. It reiterates the controversial ‘three-language formula’ whic...

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Desk Brief
17th August 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Writings on the Indian Constitution: How India Became Democratic

This is the second article in our series 'Writings on the Indian Constitution', aimed at encouraging deeper engagement with the primary resources on our website through th...

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Writings on the Indian Constitution
14th August 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Tracing Constitutional Values in India’s Education Policies

Since independence, the Central Government has released three different policy frameworks for the Indian education system. The first and second, known as the National Po...

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CADIndia
Desk Brief
14th August 2020 | Amisha Pareek

Students in the Independence Movement

From December 2019, students from various colleges across India stood at the forefront of several protests against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (CAA) and the crea...

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CADIndia
NCS
31st July 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Testimonials for Constitutionofindia.net

Constitutionofindia.net (formerly CADIndia) receives a number of testimonials from users of our website and its resources. Some of these testimonials are collected below -...

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CADIndia Website Testimonials
31st July 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Did the Framers Think the Constitution Was 'Socialist' and 'Secular'?

A petition before the Supreme Court has asked it to declare the insertion of the words ‘Socialist’ and ‘Secular’ by the Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act, 1976 as unconsti...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
Desk Brief
29th July 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: People's Participation in the Indian Constitution Process

Our blog post over the weekend looked at how the Constituent Assembly reacted to proposals that wanted to include referendums into the Constitution. Today, we highlight an...

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Desk Brief
29th July 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

CADIndia is now ConstitutionofIndia.net!

When we first started CADIndia in 2015, our initial goal was to make the transcripts of the Constituent Assembly Debates accessible to the general public. We were inspired...

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CADIndia
25th July 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

Why did the Constituent Assembly Reject Referendums?

Earlier this month, results of a nationwide referendum in Russia on certain constitutional proposals were announced. The proposals aimed to extend the term of the Russian ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
18th July 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Contrasting the Directive Principles in the Indian and Irish Constitutions

It is well known that the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSPs) in the Constitution of India, 1950 were influenced by similar principles in the Bunreacht na hÉirean...

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Irish Constitution
Directive Principles of State Policy
Constituent Assembly Debates
17th July 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: India - The First Republic in the Commonwealth

26th January 1950 was a momentous day in history: not only did the Constitution of India, 1950 come into force, but India also became a republic – marking the first time t...

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International Relations
Desk Brief
8th July 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly's Reaction to the Partition of India

On 14th July 1947, two months since it last met, the Constituent Assembly of India sat down for business knowing that India would be partitioned. After months and years of...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
7th July 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: The Constituent Assembly's Alter Ego

Most of us know that the Constituent Assembly of India sat on 165 days to draft India’s Constitution over a period of 2 years and 11 months. But did you know that the memb...

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Desk Brief
Whatsapp image 2020 07 08 at 16.41.09
6th July 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

National Constitution Society

The National Constitution Society (NCS) is a network of Constitution societies in colleges/universities across India that aims to create and sustain a vibrant constitution...

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NCS
National Constitution Society
4th July 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution Making (July 1946): Muslim League Walks Away From Constitution-Making, Calls For ‘Direct Action’

In July 1946, the Muslim League passed a resolution stating that it was going to walk away from the Cabinet Mission Plan and the Indian constitution-making process. In ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
4th July 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Independence: A Tale of Two Declarations

On this day in 1776, representatives of the thirteen American colonies signed the Declaration of Independence, marking their liberation from British colonial rule. In cele...

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CADIndia
3rd July 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: The Shared Constitutional Heritage of India & Myanmar

Myanmar is due to hold general elections on November 8th, in an event that is widely seen as a test of the country’s transition to democracy. Much as when it gained indepe...

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Desk Brief
1st July 2020 | Kruthika R

Writings on the Indian Constitution: Ambedkar’s Preamble

This is the first article in our new series 'Writings on the Indian Constitution', aimed at encouraging deeper engagement with the primary resources on our website through...

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Writings on the Indian Constitution
1st July 2020 | Prerna Dadu

Report - Prisoners & the Pandemic: Health, Safety and the Constitution

On 27th June 2020, the National Constitution Society (NCS) & Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) conducted a webinar on ‘Prisoners & the Pandemic: Health...

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National Constitution Society
NCS
30th June 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Writings on the Indian Constitution

The objective of the CAD India website, set up in 2016, is to create a digital archive of Indian constitutional history and increase engagement with Indian constitutional ...

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Writings on the Indian Constitution
26th June 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Crime and Punishment in the Gandhian Constitution

On 27 June 2020, the National Constitution Society along with the Centre for Law and Policy Research will organise a webinar on Prisoners & the Pandemic: Health, Safet...

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Desk Brief
20th June 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: ‘Bharat’ vs. ‘India' - Using History in Constitutional Interpretation

The Supreme Court recently dismissed a plea to rename India as Bharat by amending Article 1 of the Constitution. Article 1(1) of the Draft Constitution, 1948, declared tha...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Desk Brief
16th June 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Redrawing Borders Under the Indian Constitution

India is presently involved in an escalating dispute with Nepal over the Kalapani region, with both states redrawing their political maps to include the disputed territory...

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CADIndia
12th June 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Curious Case of Child Labour in the Constituent Assembly

Today, 12 June, is ‘World Day Against Child Labour’. This piece takes a look at how India’s constitutional history engaged with the problem of child labour particularly du...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
12th June 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: 'State Citizenship' and Public Health

The Chief Minister of Delhi, Arvind Kejriwal, recently declared that Delhi hospitals were closed to non-residents of the state. Although the order was overruled by the Lie...

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Desk Brief
9th June 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Constitution in the Classroom #1.6: Timeline of the Constitution Making Process

Description:                                                     Resources: Grade - 1 to 4                                                  Worksheet (PDF) Level...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
9th June 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Constitution in the Classroom #3.5: Fundamental Rights Quiz

  Description:                                                                    Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                                 ...

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Constitution in the Classroom
8th June 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Constitution in the Classroom #1.3: Reading the Constitution

Description:                                                      Resources: Grade - 1 to 4                                                     Slides(PDF) Level...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
8th June 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Constitution in the Classroom #1.5: Assembly Member Word Scramble

Description:                                                     Resources: Grade - 1 to 4                                                    Worksheet (PDF)  Le...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
5th June 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Ambedkar was Influenced by the American Civil Rights Movement

The death of George Floyd, an unarmed African-American man, at the hands of a white police officer has sparked large-scale protests across the world. Floyd’s death has ser...

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Desk Brief
4th June 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution Making (June 1949): President of India Given the Power to Appoint Backward Classes Commission

On 16 June 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up Draft Article 301 (Article 340, Constitution of India, 1950) for debate. The Draft Article gave the President of India th...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
4th June 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

Alcohol and State Revenue: The Debate in the Constituent Assembly

One of the first steps that many Indian States embarked on as part easing coronavirus related lockdown measures was to allow liquor shops to sell alcohol. Serpentine queue...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
30th May 2020 | Kruthika R

A History of ‘Complete Justice’

Article 142 of the Constitution of India, 1950 has been used by the Court to assume vast jurisdiction and pass any orders/judgments to do ‘complete justice’. Recently, the...

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CADIndia
30th May 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Cooperative Federalism in Times of Crisis

The majority of Indian states have been severely impacted by the lockdown, with twenty-one reporting record losses in revenue. How will these states cope with the shor...

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CADIndia
28th May 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Ambedkar and the Annihilation of Social Distancing

Defined as ‘keeping space between yourself and other people outside of your home’, social distancing has been prescribed as the most effective counter to the spread of COV...

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Desk Brief
Constituent Assembly Debates
26th May 2020 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Website Testimonial: Mohit Dang

Mohit Dang is a student at the Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab. He has a deep interest in Constitutional jurisprudence and is a follower of the CADIndia Bl...

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CADIndia Website Testimonials
23rd May 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Constitution in the Classroom #4.6: Worksheet on Official Language

  Description:                                                                               Resources: Curriculum: BCI (law courses in India);                  ...

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Constitution in the Classroom
Worksheets
23rd May 2020 | Madhavi Gopalakrishnan

Constitution in the Classroom # 4.7: Worksheet on Citizenship

Description:                                                                               Resources: Curriculum: BCI (law courses in India);                       ...

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Constitution in the Classroom
Worksheets
23rd May 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: B.H. Khardekar: The Constituent Assembly’s ‘King of Good Times’

On 24th November 1948, B.H. Khardekar stood up in the Constituent Assembly to speak for the first time. He confessed he was nervous, and told members that he had never spo...

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Desk Brief
20th May 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: India's Stimulus Package - A Socialist Move?

The impact of the ongoing pandemic on the world economy has caused many states to announce economic stimulus packages. Some commentators have described this move as social...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Desk Brief
CADIndia
16th May 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Public Health and the Marginalised

The ongoing lockdown in India has resulted in economic insecurity for millions of people, particularly those working as casual or daily wage labourers. Migrant workers wer...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
Desk Brief
7th May 2020 | Vineeth Krishna

This Month in Constitution Making (May 1946): Britain Severs Its Relationship With the Indian Princely States

In the mid-1940s, it became quite clear that the British were on their way out, and India would frame a Constitution for itself. The ‘India’ here was technically the Briti...

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This Month in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
30th April 2020 | Kruthika R

The Right to Privacy in Indian Constitutional History

The recent controversies regarding privacy and safety concerns of Zoom (video-conference enabling platform) and Arogya Setu (Government initiated health services applicati...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
30th April 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Liberty during Lockdown

For almost a month now, the Central and State Governments have issued extraordinary orders to battle COVID-19: travel has been banned, national and state borders have ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Desk Brief
29th April 2020 | Kruthika R

Uddhav Thackeray's nomination to the State Legislature: Can the Governor disregard the State Cabinet's recommendation?

Maharastra is in the news for the unenviable distinction of having the most number of coronavirus cases and related deaths. As the State meets this challenge, another cris...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
27th April 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief | India’s Public Health Wonder Woman: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

COVID-19 continues to test the resolve of nations – their institutions, leaders and people. India too is in the thick of this global fight. While COVID-19 is unique ...

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Desk Brief
24th April 2020 | Kruthika R

Public Health and Federalism

The Central and the State Governments are working towards containing the COVID-19 pandemic which has proved to be one of the gravest public health crisis in recent global ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
20th April 2020 | Kruthika R

Unemployment Protections in Indian Constitutional History

The COVID-19 outbreak has severely impacted labourers in India especially those working in the informal sector who constitute 90% of India’s workforce. The recent cases in...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
6th April 2020 | Vineeth Krishna

This Month in Constitution Making (April 1947): Princely States Join the Constituent Assembly

On 28 April 1947, the Constituent Assembly of India reconvened after a 2-month break. This sitting began with eighteen new members presenting their credentials to the Asse...

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This Month in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
30th March 2020 | Kruthika R

Call for Research Associate/Associate Editor

Centre for Law and Policy Research, Bangalore (CLPR) is a not-for-profit dedicated to making the Constitution work for everyone through law and policy research, soci...

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21st March 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: The Supreme Court and its ‘Special’ Power

The Supreme Court of India is one of the unique apex courts in the world. It acts as an appellate and constitutional court. The Constitution of India, 1950 mandates the Co...

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Desk Brief
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
19th March 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constitution Framers Rejected Proposal to Bar Post-Retirement Appointments For Judges

On March 16 2020, the President of India nominated former Supreme Court Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi to the Rajya Sabha. This nomination, under Article 80 of the Constitutio...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
Salt march statue
18th March 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Salt March in Indian Constitutional History – Part II

In Part I of this post, we viewed the Salt March through the lens of certain constitutional antecedent documents. Today, we will look at how the Salt March was invoked...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
18th March 2020 | Vineeth Krishna

The Women’s Indian Association and Indian Constitutional Thought: Part II

In Part I, we looked at the Women’s Indian Association’s (WIA) involvement in constitutional negotiations with the British in the late 1910s. The WIA vociferously demanded...

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12th March 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Salt March in Indian Constitutional History – Part I

    This week, 90 years ago on March 12, 1930, M.K. Gandhi along with his followers walked 100 miles to the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat to make salt from seawa...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
11th March 2020 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Website Testimonial: Tejas Parasher

Tejas Parasher, Junior Research Fellow, King's College, believes initiatives like CADIndia are crucial in creating awareness and popular engagement around public history: ...

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CADIndia Website Testimonials
10th March 2020 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Website Testimonial - Ashwary Sharma

Ashwary Sharma is an Assitant Professor at KLE Society's Law College, Bengaluru. He regularly uses the CADIndia website for his teachings and research. His thoughts on the...

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CADIndia Website Testimonials
10th March 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution-Making (March 1947): Assembly Committee Splits Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles Emerge

On March 30th 1947, the Constituent Assembly’s Sub-Committee on Fundamental Rights turned ‘to the examination of the directive principles of social policy’. This was the f...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This Month in Constitution Making
Erwiladueaaixln
9th March 2020 | Deepika Nandagudi Srinivasa

NCS | NLU Assam Supreme Court in the Classroom Series #1 | Summary of Proceedings

The NLU Assam Chapter of the National Constitution Society hosted the first of the ‘Supreme Court in the Classroom’ series on the 26th of February, 2020. In order to facil...

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NCS
Clfnsiwwiaeodl0
8th March 2020 | Vineeth Krishna

The Women’s Indian Association and Indian Constitutional Thought: Part I

Unlike the American constitutional founding – spearheaded by men, the Indian Constituent Assembly, that drafted the Indian Constitution, comprised women. Until recently, p...

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24th February 2020 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: A Beginning of a Constitutional Culture?

On the eve of Republic Day this year, Mandakini Panda and Prithwik Mishra got married in Berhampur, Odisha taking their vows on the Indian Constitution. In Karnataka, gues...

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Desk Brief
Constituent Assembly Debates
24th February 2020 | Kruthika R

NCS | Boundaries, Nationalities and Identities

On 1st February 2020, a National Constitution Society Chapter hosted a film screening and discussion on  Stop the Boats – the lie of saving lives at sea- a story of asylum...

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NCS
23rd February 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constituent Assembly Debates President's Power to Commute and Pardon Sentences

Earlier this month, the President of India had rejected the mercy petition of Aakash Kumar Singh, one of the convicted individuals in the Nirbhaya Case. Singh’s lawyer wen...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
22nd February 2020 | Kruthika R

Freedom of the press: A Constitutional History

Last month the Supreme Court in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India dealt with the issue of continued internet shut down in Kashmir. While the Court did not direct the resto...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
21st February 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

To Tide Economic Crisis, Constituent Assembly Made a Temporary Exception to India's Federal Structure

To Tide Economic Crisis, Constituent Assembly Made Temporary Exception To India’s Federal Structure The abrogation of Article 370 has generated some attention over the ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
11th February 2020 | Vineeth Krishna

This Month in Constitution Making (February 1938): Congress Rejects 1935 Act's Federal Scheme

In 1935 the British parliament passed the Government of Indian Act. In the years that followed, the Indian National Congress pulled no punches and attacked the Act on vari...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
10th February 2020 | Kruthika R

On taking the Indian Constitution to the Classrooms

The CADIndia team attended ‘The Idea of the Indian Constitution’ Chapter II between 7th to 9th February 2020 at Pune. An initiative of the History for Peace, it was organi...

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CADIndia
Learning the Constitution
Constituent Assembly Debates
10th February 2020 | Neel D'Souza

NCS | Christ (Deemed to be University) | RBG - Film Screening and Discussion

On 5th February 2020, the National Constitution Society Christ (Deemed to be University) Chapter organised a film screening and discussion on Ruth Bader Ginsburg for their...

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National Constitution Society
NCS
29th January 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constitution Framers Viewed Centre and States as Equals in a Dispute

The Indian parliament passed the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 on 11 December 2019. Many individuals, groups and parties have argued that the Act violates key provisions ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
27th January 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

A Brief Constitutional History behind Article 131

The Indian parliament passed the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 on 11 December 2019. Many individuals, groups and parties have argued that the Act violates key provisions ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
26th January 2020 | Kruthika R

The Argumentative Constituent Assembly: How the Constitution was framed

[This piece first appeared in Deccan Herald on 24th January 2020.] Amartya Sen's ‘The Argumentative Indian’ locates the argumentative tradition as early as Ashoka. He a...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
16th January 2020 | Vineeth Krishna E

Who is an Indian Citizen? #1: The Constituent Assembly Refused to Hyphenate Religion and Citizenship

In December 2019, the parliament passed the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019. The Act, by amending the Citizenship Act 1955, made illegal migrants from the Hindu, Sikh, B...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
5th January 2020 | Amrita Nair

NCS | CHRIST (Deemed to be University) | Discussing Citizenship

On 18th December 2019, the National Constitution Society's CHRIST (Deemed to be University) Chapter organized a discussion that aimed to understand citizenship in light of...

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National Constitution Society
NCS
This year that week inconstituent assembly
5th January 2020 | Kruthika R

This Month in Constitution Making: India Becomes a Republic

The Constituent Assembly began its work of drafting India's Constitution in the winter of 1946. After three years, on 26th January 1950 - Republic Day- the Constitution ca...

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This Month in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
3rd January 2020 | Ishit Patel

NCS – NLS Lecture Series | Understanding Rojer Mathew Judgment

On 17th December 2019, the NLSIU Chapter of the National Constitution Society (NCS) organised an interactive lecture that sought to critically engage with Rojer Mathew jud...

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National Constitution Society
NCS
2nd January 2020 | Kruthika R

Youth Parliamentarians pass ‘Anti-Fake News Bill, 2019’

Students, aged between 10 to 18 years, from all districts of Karnataka were at the Dr Annie Scouts and Guides State Training & Camping Centre, Doddaballapur for the 28...

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5th December 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution Making (December 1946): India Begins to Draft Its Constitution

December 1946 was an important month for Indian Constitution-making. After twelve years of vigorous demands by Indians to decide their constitutional future, an Indian Con...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Month in Constitution Making
29th November 2019 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Rights to Duties?

This week, India celebrated Constitution Day.  26 November 2019 marked the 70th anniversary of the Constituent Assembly adopting the Constitution. In a joint parliament...

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Desk Brief
28th November 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Impeaching the President of India: Some Constitution Framers wanted to adopt the American System (Part 2)

In Part 1, we looked at two instances in which our Constitution framers invoked the American Constitution while debating impeachment provisions of the Draft Constitution. ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
27th November 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Fundamental Duties in Indian Constitutional History

There was no fundamental duties chapter in the Constitution that came into effect on 26 January 1950. That being said, there was a sliver of India’s constitutional traditi...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
26th November 2019 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Happy Constitution Day

Exactly 70 years ago, on 26 November 1949, Constituent Assembly President Rajendra Prasad for the last time put a question to the house - President: It now remains to p...

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Desk Brief
Premable to the constitution of india
26th November 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Adopts the Indian Constitution

Sixty-nine years ago, on 26 November 1949, Sardar Patel began the proceedings of the Constituent Assembly with some good news: I am glad to inform the House that all th...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
22nd November 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Impeaching the President of India: Some Constitution Framers wanted to adopt the American System (Part 1)

Yesterday, the US House of Representatives led public hearings on President Donald Trump’s impeachment inquiry came to an end. If the House charges the President, then US ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
15th November 2019 | Kruthika R

Event: KLE Law College students engage with the constitutional history of freedom of speech

Over 50 law students, from 1st to 5th year, gathered for Indian constitutional history workshop at KLE Law College, Bangalore on the 13th of November. Our workshop aimed t...

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Worksheets
11th November 2019 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Interstellar

On 31st August 1949, the Constituent Assembly was slotting 'items' into the Union and State Lists. The Union government would have legislative and executive power over the...

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Desk Brief
7th November 2019 | Vineeth Krishna

This Month in Constitution-Making (November 1946): Was The Constituent Assembly Valid Despite Muslim League Absence?

In November 1946, key Indian political and legal figures were knee-deep in preparations towards setting up the Constituent Assembly of India. The Muslim League was against...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
14th October 2019 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Home and the World: Cosmopolitanism in Indian Constitution Making

The Indian freedom movement sought total Independence from British colonial rule but saw India firmly tethered to the world affairs. When Indians were drafting their Const...

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Desk Brief
8th October 2019 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Gandhi in Indian Constitution-Making

There is a dominant view that Gandhi's role in constitution-making was minor. Gandhi’s vision of basing India’s federal, political and administrative set up on the panchay...

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Desk Brief
3rd October 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constituent Assembly Rejects Proposal to Include God in the Preamble

On 17 October 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up the preamble of the Draft Constitution for discussion – based on the Objectives Resolution introduced by Nehru on 13 D...

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This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
30th September 2019 | Kruthika R

Dialogues on the Right to Life and Personal Liberty at Ananya Trust

On 25th September 2019, Kruthika R from the Centre for Law and Policy Research along with Gunjan Rathore and Zoaib from NCS Bangalore Chapter put together a session on the...

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25th September 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constituent Assembly was Divided on the United Nation’s Future

On 24th September 2019, the General Assembly of the United Nations sat for the 74th time since the organisation’s inception in 1943. India was a founding member of the UN ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
23rd September 2019 | Editorial Team

Desk Brief: Hindi: A National or Official Language?

Last week, on Hindi Diwas, Union Minister Amit Shah controversially suggested that Hindi be adopted as India's national language. Sure enough, this triggered push back ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Desk Brief
17th September 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constitution Framers Decided to De-Link Language From National Identity

On the occasion of Hindi Diwas, Union Home Minister Amit Shah, in speech that seems to call for Hindi to become India’s national language, argued for promoting Hindi acros...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
10th September 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution-Making (September 2019): Constituent Assembly Settles on a Name for the Union

The Draft Constitution of India, 1948 opened with Article 1 stating that ‘India shall be a Union of States’. When this Article was taken up for discussion in the Constitue...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
7th September 2019 | Rohini Swamy

NLSIU is big winner as ConQuest 2019 ends with posers on War & Peace, Raghuram Rajan

(This report appeared first on ThePrint.) Bengaluru: The National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bengaluru, emerged as the champions of ConQuest 2019, India’s ...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
31st August 2019 | Rachel John

Over 90 North Indian teams battle it out for top prize at ConQuest

(This report first appeared in ThePrint on 31 August 2019.) New Delhi: Professor K.T. Shah, a member of the first Parliament, would have been a lot more well-known had ...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
25th August 2019 | Fatima Khan

BITS-Pilani is the big winner as ConQuest 2019 wraps up western round with mind-benders

(This report first appeared in ThePrint on 25 August 2019.) New Delhi: In 1969, India found itself in a peculiar situation when the offices of the President and Vice-Pr...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
18th August 2019 | ThePrint Team

IIT-KGP and NUJS teams qualify for ConQuest finals at eastern round in Kolkata

(This post first appeared in ThePrint on 18 August 2019.) Kolkata: Did you know that ‘Jai Hind’ was a special greeting coined for the Indian National Army? Or that it w...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
10th August 2019 | Fatima Khan

Students quizzed on Indian Constitution, history, politics as fourth edition of ConQuest begins

(This report first appeared in ThePrint on 26 August 2019.)  The fourth edition of ConQuest 2019 — India’s premiere national quiz on Indian Constitution, history and po...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
6th August 2019 | Vineeth Krishna

Article 370 and the Constituent Assembly Debates

(This article first appeared on ThePrint on 2 August 2019.) Jammu and Kashmir is on the edge – again. This time, over a possible repeal of Article 35A by the BJP govern...

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18th July 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Union Budget #3: Constituent Assembly Limits Parliament's Power Over Certain Expenses

Today, the central government got the Lok Sabha’s nod to withdraw 98.18 lakh crore from the Consolidated Fund of India to meet the 2019-20 financial year’s expenditure. Fo...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
Untitled
17th July 2019 | Kruthika R

ConQuest 2019: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) is excited to announce the 4th edition of ConQuest: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Po...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
9th July 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Union Budget #2: Should the Rajya Sabha Have a Say in the Budget?

Article 92 of the Draft Constitution stated that the union budget would be presented to both houses of parliament: House of People and Council of States. K.T. Shah felt th...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
4th July 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Union Budget #1: Constituent Assembly on the Presentation of the Budget

On 5 July 2019, the Finance Minister of India, will present the Union Budget to the Lok Sabha. Article 112, Constitution of India, 1950 (Article 92), Draft Constitution of...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
1st July 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution-Making (July 1946): Congress Party’s Expert Committee Drafts first version of Objectives Resolution

July 1946 was an eventful month in Indian constitution-making project. First, elections to the Constituent Assembly concluded – the Congress Party emerged as the dominant ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
14th June 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Education #3: Constituent Assembly Takes up Free and Compulsory Education for Debate

In the previous post in this series, we traced the trajectory of the education provisions in the committee stages of the Constituent Assembly. The Sub-Committee on Fundame...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
12th June 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Two Key Historical Constitutions Proposed Separate Settlements for Untouchables

Of all the Historical Constitutions that put forward a constitutional vision, Political Demands of Scheduled Castes 1944 and States and Minorities 1945 were different in t...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
10th June 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Education #2: Assembly’s Advisory Committee Dispatched Education from Fundamental Rights to Directive Principles

As with the origins of most Articles of the Constitution of India, 1950, the education provisions can be traced to the Committee stages of the Constituent Assembly. In Feb...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
6th June 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Education #1: How did the Historical Constitutions Treat Education?

The much-awaited Draft National Education Policy was released on 21 May 2019. The Policy has triggered a public debate over India’s education system. In June 2019, CADIndi...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
1st June 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution Making (June 1934): Congress Makes Its First Official Demand For A Constituent Assembly

In June 1934, for the first time, the Indian National Congress formally demanded that a Constituent Assembly composed of Indians be set up to frame a Constitution for Indi...

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This Month in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
24th May 2019 | Kruthika R

Why did the Constitution Framers choose First-past-the-post system over proportional representation?

Yesterday, after a gruelling election schedule that spanned for six weeks, India elected members to the 17th Lok Sabha. Elections in India are based on the first-past-the-...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
23rd May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Affirmative Action #2: Minority Members Put Forward Their Demands in the Constituent Assembly

In this post, we look at the initial periods of Indian constitution-making to get a sense of how Constituent Assembly members engaged with affirmative action. Specifically...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
21st May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #6: The Assembly's Deliberative Credentials (Part II)

Many argue that the Constituent Assembly’s deliberations were mostly a farce as the fate of most articles of the Constitution were decided in advance, by the Congress Part...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
16th May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #5: The Assembly's Deliberative Credentials (Part I)

Another strand of attacks that take aim at the legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly revolve around deliberation. While some feel that the Assembly did not deliberate on ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
14th May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Why Did the Constitution Framers Make the Directive Principles Legally Unenforceable?

In a recent essay, Achin Vanaik claims that the Indian Constitution ‘betrayed its elitist character by placing some principles concerning socio-economic justice in the non...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
10th May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Affirmative Action #1: Separate Electorates in Indian Constitutional History

A striking feature of the Constitution of India, 1950 is the presence of an affirmative action architecture. In May 2019, CADIndia will look at how this was designed by fo...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
7th May 2019 | Kruthika R and Vineeth Krishna E

The Legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #4: Was the Constituent Assembly's Membership Representative?

In the previous posts in this series, we looked at the representative credentials of the Assembly by focusing on the nature of the franchise. In this post, we look at anot...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
6th May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution Making (May 1949): India Decides to Remain in the Commonwealth of Nations

On 16 May 1949, Jawaharlal Nehru, moved a motion in the Constituent Assembly, to ratify a Commonwealth Prime Minister’s conference declaration that he took part in a few w...

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This Month in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
30th April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Democratic Citizenship #4: Why did the Constitution Framers Adopt Adult Franchise?

At the fag end of the Indian constitution-making project, just before the Constituent Assembly was about to adopt the Constitution, Assembly members had the chance to refl...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
25th April 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #3.4: Film Screening & Discussion | Does India need a National Language?

                   Description:                                       Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                                   Activity P...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Constitution in the Classroom
23rd April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #3: What Did the Constituent Assembly Think of its Representative Credentials?

In November 1948, B.R. Ambedkar moved the Draft Constitution of India in the Constituent Assembly. In the days following this, members commented on the Draft putting forwa...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
18th April 2019 | Kruthika R and Vineeth Krishna

The Legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #2: How were the Constitution Framers Chosen?

The framers of the Constitution ensured that the governance of the Indian republic would be based on direct elections with universal adult franchise. Their membership of t...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
17th April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Democratic Citizenship #3: Not All Constitution Framers Were In Favour Of Adult Franchise

India’s general elections are in full swing and millions of Indian citizens are coming out to exercise their franchise. The decision of the framers of the Indian Constitut...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
12th April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna

Democratic Citizenship #2: Constituent Assembly Centralizes Election Machinery

Its election time in India and the Election Commission is once again in the thick of the action. Article 324 of the Constitution charges the Commission to oversee, direct ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
11th April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna and Kruthika R

The legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #1: Was the Constituent Assembly indigenous?

The Constituent Assembly of India that drafted the Constitution is sometimes characterized as illegitimate. A variety of arguments are offered in service of this claim, ra...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
8th April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Democratic Citizenship #1: Tracing Universal Adult Franchise in Indian Constitutional History

In less than a week’s time, the people of India, irrespective of their caste, creed, education or income, like they have done 16 times before, will elect members to the Lo...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
2nd April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Congress Rejects Cripps Offer, Indians Won't Support British War Effort

In April 1942, the Indian National Congress rejected British War Cabinet’s proposal popularly known as the ‘Cripps Offer’ – named after Sir Stafford Crips, who headed the ...

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This Month in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
30th March 2019 | Kruthika R

Who is an Indian #4: Which words did the Assembly invoke the most during citizenship debates?

In March, based on our monthly theme ‘Who is an Indian’ we looked at citizenship debates in the Constituent Assembly. The previous posts focussed on the interplay of c...

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29th March 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #1.4: Preamble Jig-Saw Puzzle

  Description:                                                                       Resources: Grade - 1 to 4                               ...

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Constitution in the Classroom
28th March 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #2.5: Worksheet on Government

   Description:                                       Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                                   Worksheet (PDF) Grade:  6    ...

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26th March 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constitution of India: The Long and Short of it

The authors of ‘The Long and Winding Constitution’ make the central claim that the Indian Constitution’s length and the inclusion of details are undesirable. For them, the...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
25th March 2019 | Kruthika R

NCS | Bangalore Chapter | Does India need a National Language?

The Bangalore Chapter of the National Constitution Society hosted a film screening and discussion on “Samvidhaan: The Making of the Constitution of India” (Episode 7) – ...

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20th March 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Who is an Indian Citizen? #3: Constituent Assembly Rejected Separate State Citizenship for Indians

This post is third in the series ‘Who is an Indian Citizen?’. Read the previous post here Between February and October 1948, the Drafting Committee received numerous co...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
18th March 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

CADIndia Advanced Search: A Guide #3 Using Filter(s)

In the previous post in this series, we looked at how to approach and use ‘keywords’ effectively. In this post, we move on to another important aspect of the advanced sear...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
17th March 2019 | Kruthika R

NCS | ULC Chapter | Events around the International Women’s Day

The University Law College Chapter of the National Constitution Society (ULC-NCS) conducted a series of events between 11th and 14th March, 2019 in the context of the Inte...

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National Constitution Society
NCS
15th March 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Who is an Indian Citizen? #2: Constitution Framers Debated if Indian Citizenship Should be Based on Race or Birth.

This post is second in the series ‘Who is an Indian Citizen?’. Read the previous post here On 29 April 1947, the Constituent Assembly, for the first time, engaged with ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
27th February 2019 | Kruthika R

NCS | Delhi Chapter | How much freedom is too much freedom?

On 25th February 2019, the Delhi Chapter of the National Constitution Society organised a discussion on Sedition Laws and Fundamental Rights in India at the Zakir Hussain ...

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National Constitution Society
NCS
27th February 2019 | Kruthika R

Religious Freedom and Social Reform #4: How was temple entry invoked in the Constituent Assembly?

  The issue of temple entry has been a burning issue in public discourse for the past few months in the light of the recent Sabarimala Temple Entry Case. In the...

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26th February 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Religious Freedom and Social Reform #3: The debate in the Constituent Assembly on Article 25(2)(b)

In the previous post in the Religious Freedom and Social Reform series, we looked at the concerns raised in the Committee stages of the constitution-making process by Rajk...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
20th February 2019 | Kruthika R

NCS | Aligarh Muslim University | Thinking Sedition, Thinking Freedom

On 16th February 2019, the Aligarh Muslim University Chapter of the National Constitution Society (“NCS”) organized a public discussion on Thinking Sedition, Thinking Free...

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National Constitution Society
NCS
15th February 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #2.4: Gender Equality in the Indian Constitutional History

Description:                                                               Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                                    Exercise ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
12th February 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Religious Freedom and Social Reform #2: Early Developments in Indian Constitution Making

In September 2018, the Supreme Court of India in the Sabarimala Temple Entry Case held that Sabarimala’s exclusion of menstruating women violated the Constitution. Article...

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Supreme Court Observer
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
12th February 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #2.3: Understanding Diversity in the Constituent Assembly

                                                          Description:                                                               Resources Curriculum: NCERT ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Temple
5th February 2019 | Kruthika R

Religious Freedom and Social Reform #1: The 1933 Temple Entry Bill

This is the first post in this month's series on Religious Freedom and Social Reform in the Indian Constitutional History. The 2018 Sabarimala case has generated public...

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2nd February 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #1.2: Colouring National Flags

Description:                                                      Resources: Grade - 1 to 4                                                    Exercise (PDF) Lev...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Quit india movement 2017 stamp1
1st February 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month In Constitution Making (February 1947) : Britain Announces It Will Quit India; Constituent Assembly Appoints Critical Committees

On February 20, 1947, around 17 years after the Purna Swaraj Declaration, British Prime Minister C.R. Atlee made it official: the British would leave India and transfer po...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
31st January 2019 | Kruthika R and Vineeth Krishna

Which Countries Did the Constituent Assembly Refer to while Debating Emergency Provisions?

Between August 1949 and October 1949, members of the Constituent Assembly debated the Draft Constitution’s emergency provisions - Draft Articles 275 to 280A (Articles ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
30th January 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #2.2: Word Puzzle on Women Constituent Assembly Members

Description:                                                                Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                                    Word Puz...

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Worksheets
Constituent Assembly Debates
Constitution in the Classroom
28th January 2019 | Nikhita Thomas

Mallya Aditi International School | 70th Republic Day | Dialogues on the Indian Constitution

On the occasion of the 70th Republic Day celebrations, elementary school students at Mallya Aditi International School gathered together for a session on the Indian Consti...

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28th January 2019 | Kruthika R

“The Advocate” | Film Screening & Discussion

On Republic Day 2019, the Centre for Law and Policy Research in association with The Students’ Outpost organised a film screening and discussion around “The Advocate” (Par...

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28th January 2019 | Jai Brunner

St. Joseph’s College of Law | Teaching Faculty Workshop on the Constitution

On 30th January 2019, St. Joseph’s College of Law will host a workshop for law and political science teachers across colleges in Bangalore, “Teaching and Learning the ...

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15th January 2019 | Amisha Pareek

NCS | Workshop on Constitutional History and Freedom of Speech

(Amisha Pareek, Board Member of National Constitution Society, reports on  CLPR’s workshop on Constitutional History and Freedom of Speech.) On the occasion of National...

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National Constitution Society
NCS
Worksheets
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
15th January 2019 | Disha Chaudhary

Constituent Assembly Debates Workshop: Exploring Freedom of Speech

On 12th December 2018, the Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) in collaboration with thePraja Foundation, conducted a 2-hour workshop on Indian Constitutional Hist...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
Old parliment ed
2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Four Ways in Which the CADs Shaped Public Debates and Judicial Decision Making in India

1. Sabarimala Temple Entry The Supreme Court in the Sabarimala Temple Entry Case held that the exclusion of women between ages of 10-50 years violated fundamental right...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
This year that week inconstituent assembly
20th December 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Begins to Debate Nehru's Objectives Resolution

On 16 December 1946, the Constituent Assembly began to respond to Jawaharlal Nehru’s Objectives Resolution that he moved in the previous sitting. M.R. Jayakar was the ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
15th December 2018 | Kruthika R and Vineeth Krishna

Commemorating 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Miloon Kothari on the Indian Contribution to the Declaration

November 2018 marked the 70th Anniversary of the historic Universal Declaration of Human Rights(UDHR). Miloon Kothari reminds us that while the Declaration was being draft...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This year that week inconstituent assembly
12th December 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly elects Rajendra Prasad as its Chairman

For the Constituent Assembly of India, 11 December 1946 was an important day. Two days after its first sitting, it was going to choose one of its members to the most criti...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This Week in Constitution Making
10th December 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: S. Nijalingappa

S. Nijalingappa was a Constituent Assembly member elected from Bombay province: he was a freedom fighter and the three times Chief Minister of Karnataka. Nijalingappa was ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
5th December 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Gives Indians the Right to Not Pay Taxes that the State Intends to Use for Religious Purposes

On 7th December 1948, the Constituent Assembly took up Draft Article 21 (Article 27, Constitution of India, 1950) for debate. The Draft Article stated that: ‘Freedom as...

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This Week in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
3rd December 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #3.3: Quiz on the President of India

Description:                                                                 Curriculum: NCERT                                                     Grade:  9     ...

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Constitution in the Classroom
30th November 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

CADIndia Advanced Search: A Guide #2 Using Keyword(s)

This second post in the CADIndia Advanced Search: A Guide series, will focus on keyword(s). In most cases, the keyword(s) that you’ll enter into the search box will be...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
29th November 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Chaudhary Ranbir Singh

  Chaudhary Ranbir Singh was a Constituent Assembly member elected from East Punjab: he was a renowned parliamentarian and freedom fighter. He has the distinction of be...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
19th November 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constituent Assembly Takes up the Revised Draft Constitution

Between 15th November 1948 and 17th October 1949, the Constituent Assembly debated and discussed provisions of the Draft Constitution along with a staggering number of ame...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Andika font
12th November 2018 | Jai Brunner

NCS Convention 2018 – Selected Student Delegates

Thank you to all those who applied to be Student Delegates at the National Constitution Society(NCS) Convention 2018. Congratulations to the 32 of you who were selected...

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National Constitution Society
NCS
11th November 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Abul Kalam Azad

  Abul Kalam Azad was elected to the Constituent Assembly from United Provinces: he was a freedom fighter, poet and the first Education Minister of independent India. ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
9th November 2018 | Jai Brunner

National Constitution Society Convention - Agenda

On 26th November 2018 we celebrate Constitution Day. Sixty-nine years ago on 26th November 1949 the Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution of India. Do younger gene...

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30th October 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Sardar Vallabhai Patel

  Sardar Vallabhai Patel was a Constituent Assembly member elected from Bombay province: he was a prominent freedom fighter, statesman and the first Home Minister of in...

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Assembly Member of The Week
29th October 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

CADIndia Advanced Search: A Guide #1 Introduction

The flagship feature of the CADIndia website is the advanced search - that allows easy and swift access to Indian constitutional history materials. In this series of ‘...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This year that week inconstituent assembly
29th October 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

B.N. Rau’s Draft Constitution and World Tour

In the last week of October 1947, B.N. Rau the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly of India produced a Draft Constitution. This Draft reflected the repo...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This Week in Constitution Making
17th October 2018 | Kruthika R

Call for Applications: Student Delegates for National Constitution Society Convention

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) invites you to apply to be a Student Delegate at the first National Constitution Society Convention to be held on Friday 23rd...

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17th October 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #3.2: Drafting Committee Members | Word Puzzle

Description:                  Resources: Grade – 5 to 8              Drafting Committee Members – Word Puzzle (PDF Format) Difficulty – (level)          Drafting Com...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
15th October 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #2.1: Quiz on Indian Constitutional and Political History

  Description:                                                          Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                              Educator’s Note...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
421px gandhi smiling r
1st October 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

M.K. Gandhi and the Demand for a Constituent Assembly

M.N. Roy was the first to demand a Constituent Assembly for India in 1934. A year later, the Indian National Congress made this a formal demand in a resolution that reject...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
29th September 2018 | Rohini Swamy

Gujarat and Delhi students emerge winners in ConQuest national quiz finals

We conducted the South Regional Rounds and National Final Rounds of ConQuest 2018 on 28th September 2018. ThePrint carried a report on these rounds. Bengaluru: Did you ...

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20th September 2018 | Kruthika R

ConQuest: India’s premiere national quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics

ConQuest: India’s premiere national quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics is CLPR’s annual flagship event. It is aims to have students engage with India’s ...

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ConQuest 2018
ConQuest 2017
ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
16th September 2018 | ThePrint Team

ConQuest defending champions continue their winning streak by acing western region round

ThePrint's report on the West regional rounds of ConQuest 2018. From who started the concept of formal economic planning in India to listing out prime ministers who hav...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
9th September 2018 | ThePrint Team

ConQuest 2018 finalists from eastern region were chosen in Kolkata

ThePrint carried a report on the East Regional Round of ConQuest 2018. As the Supreme Court passed a landmark judgment on Section 377 Thursday, the youth in Kolkata ask...

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ConQuest 2018
ConQuest
3rd September 2018 | Kruthika R

Indian Constitutional History Workshop on Freedom of Speech at St. Stephen’s College, Delhi

We conducted an Indian Constitutional history workshop at St. Stephen’s College, Delhi on 29th August 2018. Around 30 students participated in it which focussed on “Explor...

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Worksheets
Constituent Assembly Debates
2nd September 2018 | Kruthika R

Round up of North Regional Rounds of ConQuest 2018

CLPR conducted the North Regional Rounds of ConQuest 2018 on 1st September 2018 at National Law University, Delhi. The morning rains of Delhi did not seem to deter the ...

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ConQuest 2018
ConQuest
2nd September 2018 | Priyamvada Grover

From suffrage to the right to sleep, India’s youth ask (and answer) the right questions

ThePrint carried a piece today on North Regional Rounds of ConQuest: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics.  The quest is on t...

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ConQuest 2018
ConQuest
30th August 2018 | ThePrint Team

Knowing your Constitution has an added incentive - winning ConQuest 2018

ThePrint carried a piece today on CLPR's initiative ConQuest: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics.  The quiz will comprise f...

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ConQuest
Assembly member of the week
18th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Rev. Jerome D’souza

Reverend Jerome D’souza was a Constituent Assembly member elected from the Madras province: he was a Jesuit priest, writer and an educationist. Rev. D’souza was born o...

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Assembly Member of The Week
16th August 2018 | Kruthika R

The Indian Constitution in the Classroom: Law, History and Politics

We believe that a vibrant constitutional culture in India can only emerge when citizens engage with and understand India’s constitutional tradition and how this relates to...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Post image
15th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #4.2: Worksheet on Uniform Civil Code

Description:                                                                                        Resources: Curriculum: BCI (law courses in India);              ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Post image
13th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #4.4: Worksheet on Right Against Exploitation

  Description:                                                                              Resources: Curriculum: BCI (law courses in India);                   ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Post image
11th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #4.5: Worksheet on Freedom of Speech

                    Description:                                                                                        Resources: Curriculum: BCI (law courses...

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Constitution in the Classroom
Worksheets
Post image
10th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #3.1: Worksheets on Religion and Personal Laws

Description:                                                                   Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                                       Case B...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Post image
10th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in The Classroom #4.1: Worksheet on Objectives Resolution

Description:                                                                                        Resources: Curriculum: BCI (law courses in India);              ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Cq media v2 1
6th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Conquest 2018

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) is excited to announce the 3rd edition of ConQuest: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Po...

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ConQuest
ConQuest 2018
Post image
5th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #4.3: Worksheet on Ban on Cow Slaughter

Description:                                                                                        Resources: Curriculum: BCI (law courses in India);              ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
This year that week inconstituent assembly
4th August 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Decides To Suspend Freedoms Under Article 19 During An Emergency

On 4th August 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up Draft Article 279 (Article 358, Constitution of India) – one of the emergency provisions in the Draft Constitution – f...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This Week in Constitution Making
Assembly member of the week
28th July 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Dakshayani Vellayudan

Dakshayani Vellayudan was a Constituent assembly member elected from the Madras constituency. She was a parliamentarian and Dalit woman activist. She was born 106 year...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly Member of The Week
28th July 2018 | Vineeth Krishna

Orientation program at St. Joseph’s College of Law

CLPR conducted a day-long orientation program at St. Joseph’s College of Law on 25th July 2018 for the newly admitted first-year students. The program consisting of four s...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
23rd July 2018 | Admin

Is Article 17 of the Constitution restricted to only caste-based untouchability?

This piece, written by Vineeth Krishna from the CADIndia team, first appeared in ThePrint on 22 July 2018 under the title 'Lawyers argued women are untouchables at Sabarim...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
5th July 2018 | Vineeth Krishna

Women’s Rights in Indian Constitutional History

There were a number of Historical Constitutions that articulated a constitutional imagination which paid attention to women’s rights. The relevant provisions in these docu...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
4th July 2018 | Kruthika R

Why did the framers not specify Devadasi practice within right against exploitation?

The fundamental right against exploitation has been articulated in Article 23 of the Indian Constitution. Article 23 bans human trafficking, begar and forced labour. This ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
30th June 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Freedom of Speech in the Historical Constitutions

The Constitution of India gives citizens the right to freedom of speech subject to certain restrictions. This article will briefly look at how antecedent constitutional do...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
30th June 2018 | Kruthika R

ConQuest 2018 - CLPR’s 3rd Edition of National Level Quiz on the Indian Constitution

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) is excited to conduct 3rd edition of India’s only national-level quiz on the Indian Constitution and its history. The quiz wi...

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ConQuest
Assembly member of the week
29th June 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week – Sucheta Kripalani

Sucheta Kripalani was a member of the Constituent Assembly who was elected from the United Province. She was a freedom fighter, parliamentarian and the first woman Chief M...

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Assembly Member of The Week
21st June 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Public Health in Indian Constitutional History

The Nehru Report, 1928 was the first historical constitution that viewed public health as a constitutional right. Under the ‘fundamental rights’ section, the Nehru Report ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
Testimonial
15th June 2018 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Website Testimonial - Shiva Jolad

Shiva Jolad is an Assistant Professor at Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar. He has been actively engaging with our website. This is what he had to say about it: ...

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CADIndia Website Testimonials
Assembly member of the week
12th June 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week – Gopinath Bordoloi

Gopinath Bordoloi was a member of the Constituent Assembly elected from the Assam Province. He was a freedom fighter, parliamentarian and the first Chief Minister of Assam...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
7th June 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Restricts Former High Court Judges to Practice Law

On 7 June 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up Draft Article 196 for discussion; B.R. Ambedkar and Sardar Hukam Singh moved two amendments. While Ambedkar proposed that ...

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This Week in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
Noose
19th May 2018 | Kruthika R

Capital Punishment in Indian Constitutional History

On 21st April 2018, the President of India signed the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 (“Ordinance”). The Ordinance amended certain criminal laws including Indian ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
3rd May 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the week – R. K. Shanmukhan Chetty

R. K. Shanmukhan Chetty was a Constituent Assembly member from the Madras constituency. He was a prominent economist and went on to become India’s first Finance Minister. ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
800px supreme court of india   200705
25th April 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Impeaching a Supreme Court Judge: The Debate in the Constituent Assembly

Recently, the Congress party mobilised members of the Rajya Sabha to sign a notice of motion to remove the Chief Justice of India – Dipak Mishra – from his post. The m...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
25th April 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #1.1: Exploring Constitutional Values Through the Preamble

Description:                                                                        Resources: Grade - 1 to 4                ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Happyvesak day   1
24th April 2018 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Website Testimonial - Jaipat S. Jain

Jaipat S. Jain is an Attorney at Law and Partner at a New York based law firm - Lazare Potter Giacovas & Moyle LLP. His testimonial about our website is: "I am deli...

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CADIndia Website Testimonials
Assembly member of the week  1
24th April 2018 | Shikhar Goel

Assembly Member of the Week – Ramnath Goenka

  Ramnath Goenka is a Constituent Assembly member elected to the Assembly from Madras from a Congress party ticket. Goenka is most popularly known for setting up Índ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
460px dr. bhimrao ambedkar
17th April 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

B.R. Ambedkar on the Working of Constitutional Democracy in India

  The BBC released a video late last year of an interview it conducted with B.R. Ambedkar in 1953. The content of the video is interesting and remarkable. It re...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
2nd April 2018 | Sampada S Venkatesh

Assembly Member of the Week - Jagjivan Ram

  Jagjivan Ram, or Babuji as he was fondly known, was born to a Dalit family 110 years ago on 5 April 1908. He holds the record for being a parliamentarian for 50 years...

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Assembly Member of The Week
501px bhagat singh
27th March 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Bhagat Singh and the Karachi Resolution on Fundamental Rights

Image Credits: Wikipedia Commons Did the passing of the Karachi Resolution on Fundamental Rights,1931 have anything to do with the execution of Bhagat Singh? 23...

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CADIndia
Assembly member of the week
19th March 2018 | Shreyan Acharya

Assembly Member of The Week: Ananthasayanam Ayyangar

Madhabhooshi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar was a freedom fighter, lawyer, Parliamentarian and a Constituent Assembly member . He was a believer of the Gandhian philosophy of ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
Assembly member of the week
12th March 2018 | Shreyan Acharya

Assembly Member of The Week: S.H. Prater

  Stanley Henry Prater also known as S.H. Prater was the representative of the Anglo-Indian community in the Constituent Assembly. He was a British Naturalist who born ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
Assembly member of the week
5th March 2018 | Dhruv Mehrotra,

Assembly Member of the Week - K. T. Shah

  Prof. K. T. Shah was a prominent economist, advocate, socialist and Constituent Assembly member. He passed away 55 years ago, in March, 1953. Before joining the C...

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Assembly Member of The Week
26th February 2018 | Shreyan Acharya

Assembly Member of The Week: B. Shiva Rao

Benegal Shiva Rao also known as B. Shiva Rao was a prominent journalist and Constituent Assembly Member. He was born 127 years ago on 26th February 1891. Born in a family ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
19th February 2018 | Dhruv Mehrotra

Assembly Member of the Week- Rafi Ahmed Kidwai

Rafi Ahmed Kidwai was a freedom fighter, politician, and socialist. He was a member of the Constituent Assembly and was born 124 years ago on 18th February 1894. Born i...

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Assembly Member of The Week
12th February 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week – Dr. Kailash Nath Katju

  Dr. Kailash Nath Katju was an eminent advocate, politician, and constituent assembly member. During his childhood, Katju aspired to study medicine. However, his ac...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly Member of The Week
Assembly member of the week
5th February 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

Rajkumari Amrit Kaur was one of the 15 woman Constituent Assembly Members in the Constituent Assembly and was the first woman Cabinet Minister of free India. Kaur was b...

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Assembly Member of The Week
31st January 2018 | Kruthika R

Announcement: Selected Student Contributors for the CADIndia Website

  Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) has developed the CADIndia website as a portal to engage with India’s constitutional and political history and bring it to t...

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Assembly member of the week
31st January 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Moturi Satyanarayana

  Moturi Satyanarayana was born 116 years ago. He was a Constituent Assembly Member from the Madras Province on the Congress party ticket and served in the Assembly fro...

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Assembly Member of The Week
29th January 2018 | Satya Prasoon

7 Constituent Assembly Debates Workshops in Mumbai, leading up to Republic Day 2018

CLPR conducted a series of Indian constitutional history workshops in Mumbai between 23-25th January around various themes by engaging with the Constituent Assembly Debate...

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CADIndia
27th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Becoming a Republic: Journey in the Constituent Assembly

  The Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946 formed the Constituent Assembly which sat for the first time on 9th December 1946. In the backdrop of suspicion and uncertainty due to ...

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26th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Celebrating Republic Day with Mallya Aditi International School

  The CLPR team celebrated Republic Day on 26th January 2018 with the students and staff of Mallya Aditi International School, Bengaluru. We created an immersive experi...

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25th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Becoming a Republic: Idea of Freedom

  India became independent in 1947 through the Indian Independence Act, 1947; it was only in 1950 that it became a ‘Republic’. Between 1947 and 1950 India was a dominio...

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This year that week inconstituent assembly
22nd January 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly passes the Objectives Resolution

Jawaharlal Nehru introduced the Objectives Resolution in the Constituent Assembly on 13th December 1946. The Assembly extensively debated the Resolution between 16th and 1...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
Assembly member of the week
15th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week - Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir

Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir was born 119 years ago on 15th January 1899. He was appointed to the Constituent Assembly from East Punjab. After Indian independence Musaf...

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13th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Call for Student Contributors

Interested to write about and engage with India’s constitutional and political history? Apply to become a Student Contributor for Center for Law and Policy Research’s CADI...

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Assembly member of the week
8th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week – John Matthai

  John Matthai was born 131 years ago on 10th January 1886. He was a member of Constituent Assembly elected from United Provinces. Image Credits : http://www.drj...

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Assembly Member of The Week
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
Happyvesak day   1
2nd January 2018 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Website Testimonial - Nishant Gokhale

Nishant Gokhale's (LLM candidate from Harvard Law School) testimonial on our website: 'CLPR's database on the Constituent Assembly Debates is a refreshingly new take on...

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CADIndia Website Testimonials
Assembly member of the week
2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week – Jaipal Singh

  Jaipal Singh elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1946 from Bihar province was born on 3rd January 1903. Jaipal Singh was a gifted hockey player and while he wa...

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Assembly Member of The Week
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
This year that week inconstituent assembly
2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Establishes a Parliament for India

On 3rd January 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up Article 66 of the Draft Constitution (Article 79 of the Final Constitution) for debate. The Draft Article constituted...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
Assembly member of the week
27th December 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week – K. M. Munshi

  K. M. Munshi was born 130 years ago on 30th December 1887 in Gujarat. Elected from the Bombay province he was an active member of the Constituent Assembly from its in...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly Member of The Week
CADIndia
Assembly member of the week
20th December 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week – Kallur Subba Rao

  Kallur Subba Rao died 45 years ago on 20th December 1972.  He was a Constituent Assembly Member from Madras Province. He was twice elected to the Madras Assembly and ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
18th December 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

The Constituent Assembly Sets Up Committee To Negotiate With The Princely States

  The Constituent Assembly of India - created and constrained by the Cabinet Mission Plan - sat for the first time on 9th December 1946. Representatives of the princely...

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CADIndia
This Week in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
This year that week inconstituent assembly
11th December 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

This week in Constitution-Making: How should the President of India be elected?

  On 13th December 1948, the Constituent Assembly took up Article 43 of the Draft Constitution (Article 54 – Constitution of India, 1950) and debated the following ques...

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This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
10th December 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week – C.Rajagopalachari

  Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was born 139 years ago on 10th December 1878. He was elected to the Constituent Assembly from Madras province in 1946 and was a part of it...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
6th December 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

This Week in Constitution Making: Dr Sachindananda Sinha takes charge as Provisional Chairman of the Constituent Assembly

On 9th December 1946, the Constituent Assembly sat for the first time. Acharya Kriplani, the then President of the Indian National Congress, kicked off proceedings - on be...

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Assembly member of the week  1
4th December 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week – Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, a Constituent Assembly member from Bihar, was born 133 years ago on 3rd December 1884. He was an active member of the Indian National Congress from 19...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
4th December 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

This week in Constitution Making: The Constituent Assembly Criminalises Forced Labour

On 3rd December 1948, the Constituent Assembly took up Draft Article 17 ( Article 23 of the Constitution of India, 1950) - that criminalised forced labour - for debate. Th...

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This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
3rd December 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week - Kengal Hanumanthaiah

Kengal Hanumanthaiah, a Constituent Assembly member from Mysore, died 37 years ago on 1st December 1980. He was an active Congress party member since his student years. ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
25th November 2017 | Kruthika R

Commemoration of Constitution Day in Other Countries

India observes Constitution Day on 26th November marking the adoption of Constitution by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949. India is not the only country that...

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This year that week inconstituent assembly
25th November 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

This Week in Constitution Making : Did it take too long to draft the Indian Consitution?

On 25th November 1949, a day before the Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian Constitution – which we now commemorate every year as Constitution Day ( ‘Law Day’ till 201...

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This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
25th November 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week : Dr. B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya

Dr. B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya was born 137 years ago on 24th November 1880 in Andhra Pradesh. He was a Constituent Assembly member elected from Madras Province. Sitaramay...

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Assembly Member of The Week
25th November 2017 | Satya Prasoon

Evolution of ‘Constitution Day’ – 26th November

This day, 68 years ago, on 26th November, 1949, the Constitutent Assembly adopted the Constitution though it came into force, two months later, on 26th January, 1950. It t...

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Assembly member of the week
17th November 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Jawaharlal Nehru

  Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister of independent India, was also the longest serving Prime Minister, holding the office for a total of seventeen years. ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
13th November 2017 | Kruthika R

CAD India Workshop at Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

  Around 50 students from the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences of Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati attended the ‘Exploring Uniform Civil Code in Indi...

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CADIndia
13th November 2017 | Kruthika R

CAD India Workshop at North Eastern Hill University

  Around 45 students from the law department of North Eastern Hill University participated in our workshop on “Exploring Cow Slaughter Debates in Indian Constitutional ...

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CADIndia
This year that week inconstituent assembly
28th October 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Freedom of Speech and Contempt of Court: The Debate in the Constituent Assembly

On 17th October 1949, T.T. Krishnamachari, a member of the Drafting Committee, moved an amendment to Draft Article 13 (which became Article 19 of the Constitution of India...

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This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
O canada   2
26th October 2017 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Tutorial - Read, Search, Explore and Engage with the Indian Constitutional History

  We are excited to introduce you to CADIndia Website 2.0. We invite you to Read, Search, Explore and Engage with the Indian Constitutional History through our webs...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Website launch
26th October 2017 | Kruthika R

Launch of CADIndia Website 2.0.

  Announcing the launch of CLPR's redesigned website - CADIndia 2.0. With improved, intelligent access to the Indian Constituent Assembly Debates, the Historic...

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CADIndia
Cadindiaworkshop
25th October 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Reading the Constitution – Workshop at Mallya Aditi International School

A pre-requisite for citizens to critically engage with contemporary political, legal and social issues is an understanding and appreciation of India’s rich constitutional ...

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CADIndia
Assembly member of the week
6th October 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week: Hansa Jivraj Mehta

  The Supreme Court of India recently guaranteed the right to equality of Muslim women by holding the practice of triple talaq unconstitutional.  During the framing...

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Assembly Member of The Week
Cadindia
6th October 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

CADIndia Version 2.0: What’s New?

CADIndia Version 2.0, developed by the Centre for Law and Policy Research, Bangalore (CLPR) sports a new visual design with improvements to functionality along wit...

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Cq sm miniposter04
4th September 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Round up - National Finals of ConQuest 2017

The National Finals of ConQuest 2017 was held on 1st September 2017 at the School of Law, Christ University, Bangalore. Intense competition in four Regional Rounds produce...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
Conquest poster west 1 1 1
29th August 2017 | Kruthika R

Roundup of ConQuest 2017 West Regional Round held on 26th Aug 2017

The west regional round of ConQuest 2017 was held in the campus of our regional Partner Symbiosis Law School, Pune. 56 teams from Pune, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Goa took p...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
Conquest poster north 1 1 1
23rd August 2017 | Kruthika R

Roundup of ConQuest 2017 North Regional Round held on 19th Aug 2017

The north regional round of ConQuest 2017 was held in the campus of our regional partner National Law University, Delhi. We saw over whelming participation of 82 teams fro...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
Conquest poster south 1 1 1
14th August 2017 | Kruthika R

Roundup of ConQuest 2017 South Regional Round held on 11th Aug 2017

The South Regional Round of ConQuest 2017 was held on 11th August 2017 in the campus of our regional partner – School of Law, Christ University. 60 teams from Karnataka, T...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
Cq digitalposter east  1
7th August 2017 | Kruthika R

Roundup of ConQuest2017 East Regional Round held on 5th Aug 2017

The East Regional Round of ConQuest 2017 was held on the campus of our East regional partner – West Bengal National University of Juridicial Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata. 35 t...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
20th July 2017 | Kruthika R

Revisiting the debate on Presidential Elections in Constituent Assembly Debates

The Election Commission conducted the presidential election on 17th July, 2017.  Article 54 of the Constitution of India, 1950 provides for the President to be elected by ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Cq sm miniposter04
11th July 2017 | Kruthika R

Conquest 2017

Who can participate?   This year the quiz is open to senior high school students (11th – 12th grade/PUC/Junior College) in addition to undergraduate and graduate stu...

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ConQuest
ConQuest 2017
Cad oc
31st May 2017 | Kruthika R

The Contempt Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and Constituent Assembly Debates

In 2011 Justice Karnan complained to the National Commission for Scheduled Castes of caste based discrimination by his brother judges of the Madras High Court. A series of...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
10th April 2017 | Kruthika R

Money-Finance Bills in the Rajya Sabha

The Money-Finance Bill Controversy in the Constituent Assembly Debates   The Finance Bill, 2017 seeks to amend  40 acts on income tax raid procedures, anonymity in p...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
21st February 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

The Nagaland Dispute, Gender Equality and the Constituent Assembly

A violent agitation has broken out in Nagaland against a constitutionally mandated reservation for women in local councils. The tribal population of the state argues that ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
7th February 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Saving the Date: January 26th and the Constituent Assembly

Republic day – January 26 – does not only mark the commencement of the Indian Constitution, but is also inextricably linked to a historical moment in the Indian nationalis...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
23rd January 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

CADIndia Version 2: What’s new?

Centre for Law and Policy Research’s (CLPR) CADIndia website has undergone significant changes and improvements over the past year.   In Phase I (2015-16) of the Con...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
15th November 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest Quiz 2016: East Regional Round

On 6th August, 2016 we organised the East Regional Round of ConQuest 2016, India’s first national-level quiz on Indian Constitution, History and Politics. We were hosted b...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
15th November 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Constituent Assembly Debates Website (CADIndia)

The Constituent Assembly Debates (CADs) are a record of the debates and proceedings in the Constituent Assembly of India which sat for 165 days from December 9, 1946 to Ja...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
14th November 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Supreme Court Observer Website

In 2016, CLPR is setting up a website to track the working of the Supreme Court of India. This website will be a non-partisan journalistic effort to make the work of the C...

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SCO
Supreme Court Observer
Conquest pastel full copy 768x681
4th November 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest Quiz

One of the objectives of the Constitutional and Civic Citizenship Project has been to create a robust civic citizenship. In furtherance to this aim, we will organise an an...

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ConQuest
ConQuest 2016
Conquest pastel full copy 768x681
23rd August 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest 2016: National Finals

On 20thAugust 2016, the Centre for Law and Policy Research organized the National Finals of ConQuest 2016 : India’s first national-level quiz on Indian Constitution, Histo...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
22nd August 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest Quiz 2016: North Regional Rounds

On 20th August, 2016, we organized the North Regional Round of ConQuest 2016, India’s first national-level quiz on Indian Constitution, History and Politics. The Quiz was ...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
6th August 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest Quiz 2016 West Round

CLPR conducted the West Round of ConQuest 2016 at Symbiosis Law College, Pune on the 30th of July 2016. 45 teams from across Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh p...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
1st August 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest Quiz 2016: South Regional Round

On 23rd July, 2016, we organized the South Regional Round of ConQuest 2016, India’s first national-level quiz on Indian Constitution, History and Politics. We were hosted ...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
30th June 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest 2016: India’s First Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics

The Centre for Law and Policy Research will conduct India’s First National Level Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics in 2016, called ‘ConQuest’. The quiz...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
Constituent assembly debates website  cadindia   1
9th May 2016 | Apoorva Sharma

Special Leave Petitions and the Constituent Assembly Debates

It is no secret that the Supreme Court currently faces an enormous (and frankly unmanageable) number of Special Leave Petitions (SLPs) under Article 136. This has most rec...

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Supreme Court
7th May 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

CLPR’s National Level Quiz On the Indian Constitution

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) is excited to conduct India’s first national-level quiz on the Indian Constitution and its history. The quiz will be held in ...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
7th May 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Constitutional and Civic Citizenship Project Phase II

Phase ll of CLPR’s Constitutional and Civic Citizenship Project, supported by FNF South Asia , is in full swing. A new batch of Associate Editors and Interns are currently...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Constituent assembly debates website  cadindia
15th February 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Report on ‘Constituent Assembly Debates in Contemporary times’

On 26th January 2016, Republic Day, CLPR’s CADIndia website was launched at the Karnataka Judicial Academy. The launch event consisted of a discussion around ‘Constituent ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Constituent assembly debates website  cadindia
31st January 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Republic Day Celebration 2016: Launch of CLPR’s CADIndia website and discussion on ‘Constituent Assembly Debates in Contemporary Times’

On the 26th of January 2016, the Centre for Law and Policy Research(CLPR), launched its CADIndia website and also organised a discussion around the theme – ‘Constituent As...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
1st June 2015 | XYZ

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